[gu-new] (07/06/07)-B John Eger's new essay on "Technologies that promote freedom"
Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D.
utsumi at columbia.edu
Fri Jul 6 22:25:02 EDT 2007
<<JuLY 06, 2007>>
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John M. Eger
Van Deerlin Chair of Communication and Public Policy
Executive Director, International Center for Communications
College of Professional Studies and Fine Arts
San Diego State University
5500 Campanile Drive, PFSA 160
San Diego, CA 92182-4522
jeger at mail.sdsu.edu
http://www.iicom.org/intermedia/july2001/eger.htm -- His paper on Smart
Communities in InterMedia.
(1) ATTACHMENT I below is a msg I received from John recently.
Pls also retrieve his previous essays at;
> (06/27/07) John Eger's new essay on globalization
(2) Many thanks for your another very interesting essay.
(3) This reminds me Howard Rheingold¹s ³Smart Mobs: The Next Social
Revolution² <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_mob>, which mentioned of;
> ³In the Philippines in 2001, a group of protesters organized via text
> messaging gathered at the EDSA Shrine, the site of the 1986 revolution that
> overthrew Ferdinand Marcos, to protest the corruption of President Joseph
> Estrada. The protest grew quickly, and Estrada was soon removed from office.²
Thanks you very much again for your new essay.
See also <http://tinyurl.com/2pef7b>
> From: john eger <jeger at mail.sdsu.edu>
> Date: Fri, 6 Jul 2007 08:54:41 -0700
> To: john eger <jeger at mail.sdsu.edu>
> Subject: I thought this may be of interest
> The San Diego Union-Tribune
> Technologies that promote freedom
> By John M. Eger
> July 6, 2007
> Reporters without Borders, a Paris-based watchdog group, has increasingly
> complained about the number of journalists' deaths, and those imprisoned in
> Russia, China, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Burma and around the world; controls imposed
> on Yahoo, Microsoft and Google by governments limiting citizen access to
> certain Web sites; banning of YouTube by other authoritarian political
> regimes; and more recently, Hugo ChÁvez's decision to shutter a popular TV
> station in Venezuela.
> Surprisingly, citizen protest using cell phones and the Internet represent a
> trend in the opposite direction. Because the Internet will soon be widely
> available on cell phones, the sheer ubiquity of such "technologies of
> freedom," as the late Ithiel de Sola Pool of MIT used to say, offers the
> potential for a rebirth of democracy and citizen participation in global
> It is not unlikely that the world will be "connected" within the next few
> years. While it took 10 years to achieve the first billion mobile users, the
> second billion will occur next year. Now that advertising is finding its way
> to the mobile Internet, allowing users to watch video clips of their favorite
> shows and receive regular reports of sporting events and other items of
> interest, cell phone costs are expected to drop to levels making mobile
> Internet use affordable most everywhere.
> Rick Stengel, editor of Time magazine, believes we have indeed reached a
> critical juncture in the history of the world where technology is changing the
> very nature of the information age and empowering citizen participation in
> global affairs as never before. In the United States, former Sen. George
> Allen, a candidate for re-election from Virginia, was defeated in 2006 because
> of an ethnic slur captured by a cell phone and recorded on YouTube.
> Europe's "mobile democracy" came of age, it is said, with a Spanish election.
> In March 2004 after a terrorist attack in Madrid, Socialists rode to power on
> a wave of text messages expressing anger at the conservative government. In
> elections in the Congo and the Philippines, the same technique was used to
> rouse the faithful. And in the presidential race in South Korea, the current
> president, Roh Moo-Hyun, is said to owe his election to a surge of support
> from young people using their cell phones to connect with like-minded
> Perhaps more important, cell phone use in even the world's poorest nations is
> experiencing double-digit growth. A recent survey by The Economist reports
> that such growth is occurring because the economic benefits are so great.
> "They [cell phones] do not rely on a permanent electrical supply, and moreover
> can even be used by people who cannot read or write." In Bangladeshi villages,
> cell phones are widely shared and rented out by "telephone ladies" found
> throughout the village. Farmers and fisherman use the phones to call markets
> to work out where they can get the best price for their products. "Small
> businesses use them to shop around for supplies. Mobile phones are used to
> make cashless payments in Zambia and several other African countries." They
> can have, says The Economist, a dramatic impact: "reducing transaction costs,
> broadening trade networks and reducing the need to travel."
> Another recent report by the 15th annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on
> Information Technology concluded "that innovative mobile technologies are
> causing disruptive tectonic changes that will shape unalterably the way the
> next generation will live, work, play and interact with the world."
> In India, worshippers send text prayers to the temple of a Hindu god. In
> China, coupons received on cell phones are redeemable at MacDonald's. In
> Singapore, drivers can pay tolls and buy tickets with a mobile device. In
> South Korea, an online dating service sends a text message when a person
> matching another's profile is nearby. In Los Angeles, high school students
> flirt, make issues to identify and promote candidates for United Nations
> This new wave of democratization sweeping the world is more than just a fad
> limited to young people alone. It is more than simply a protest or indication
> of one unique demographics opposition to what is happening worldwide. It
> portends a framework for a new method of exercising the will of the people.
> Taken together, such initiatives may fall short of the new digital governance
> that Stengel envisions. Nevertheless, it is clear that communications will
> continue to play a comprehensive and critical role in the expansion of the
> global economy and world community and, importantly, democracy. It is
> important the United States and other democratic nations nurture and encourage
> continuing these new developments in technology and play a leadership role in
> world affairs promoting their unfettered access and availability.
> Eger is the Van Deerlin professor of communications and public policy at San
> Diego State University. A telecommunications lawyer, he was adviser to
> Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald R. Ford.
> © Copyright 2007 Union-Tribune Publishing Co. o A Copley Newspaper Site
> John M. Eger
> Van Deerlin Chair of Communication and Public Policy
> Executive Director, International Center for Communications
> San Diego State University
> 5500 Campanile Drive
> PFSA 160
> San Diego, CA
> telephone 6195946910
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.)
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education
* Founder and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of
* Global University System (GUS)
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-5913, U.S.A.
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Email: utsumi at columbia.edu
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