[FPSPACE] Bush & Gore space platforms
DSFPortree at aol.com
DSFPortree at aol.com
Thu Jun 30 23:45:52 EDT 2005
Alas, I haven't found the 2000 space policy paper from candidate Bush, but I
did find this interesting Space.com piece that covers both Gore & Bush. Also
includes some interesting linked stories.
Gore and Bush Space Platforms Emerge
By Alex Canizares
Special to SPACE.com
posted: 04:30 pm ET
20 July 2000
WASHINGTON, July 20 (States News Service) – Space exploration may be the
final frontier of the 2000 presidential contest: Mars missions, space stations and
NASA have been relatively untouched by either candidate or the talking heads
on television talk shows.
Advisors to Al Gore and George W. Bush, at a Capitol Hill roundtable held by
Women in Aerospace, spelled out the presumed nominees’ vision for space and
aeronautics in what was billed as the first public discussion of space policy
under the next administration.
The aides -- Bob Walker, a former Pennsylvania congressman and now a
consultant to Bush and Gore advisor Steve Palmer -- said their candidates would
support a strong space agenda, including planning for human exploration of Mars.
However, Walker said voters can expect a "new direction" under a Bush
Walker said although the Texas governor had not yet signed off on a space
policy agenda, there are several ideas in the works. He said Bush would spur
commercial investment in space while developing a "strategic plan" to tie the
space program to military and civilian needs.
Walker said Bush would look for ways to generate commercial growth in space
transportation to put humans in space and establish a "permanent presence on
the moon and on Mars." One proposal under consideration is handing over the
International Space Station (ISS) to a non-governmental organization, and
developing property rights for private entities in space.
Other ideas Bush may back include creating a National Aerospace Council,
which was dissolved in 1997, and ramping up NASA’s budget, Walker said.
Walker criticized the Clinton administration’s support for NASA and its
budget. "At best they have ignored space and at worst they have used it as a
political tool," he said.
Gore – who has taken heat for the administration’s offer to give Russia a
key role in building the space station – supports completing the ISS as a "test
bed" for missions to Mars and elsewhere, said Palmer. The vice president also
backs a global monitoring system to chart weather patterns and other phenomena
Palmer said Gore would also back NASA’s Mars program, whose future is
uncertain, after NASA lost two probes at the Red Planet last year. "The question of
human exploration of Mars is not if, but when," Palmer said of a Gore
Citing Gore’s experience on space issues as a Tennessee senator, Palmer said
Gore would make "wise investments" in the aerospace industry, supporting
"pushing the envelope" in science, technology and space exploration. "He knows the
aerospace industry is a national treasure."
"He’s a friend, an ally and a leader in this community," Palmer said. "After
his election, his door will be open to all of you."
Gore also supports reducing the cost of reusable space launches for
commercial ventures; upgrading the shuttle; increasing ties between NASA and the
Pentagon; enhancing educational programs about space for children; bringing women
into the space program and reforming export control laws that bind companies
from selling products abroad.
Changing the export controls, which have been criticized for being
excessively restrictive, is a "win-win," Palmer said, helping U.S. allies' security,
along with giving a boost to domestic rocketmakers and other companies.
Palmer said NASA’s $14 billion budget request, a jump over last year, starts
a trend that will lead to "substantial increases" in funding over five years.
He said Gore was the "first to step in to try to restore the president’s
budget" when Congress slashed NASA funding last year.
Palmer warned that a multibillion-dollar tax cut – Bush has proposed $460
billion in tax relief over five years – would jeopardize funds for discretionary
spending on programs like NASA.
The Clinton administration’s plan to build a national missile-defense shield
against "rogue" states – an idea supported to different degrees by Gore and
Bush – has come under criticism after antimissile test failures.
Although the vice president has stood by the $60 billion defense system,
Palmer said Gore would be "unwilling to move ahead unless the technology will
work, it’s affordable and it will not disturb world peace."
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