Subject: [Stop-traffic] UN Kosovo mission approves new regulation on human trafficking
From: Angelika Kartusch (email@example.com)
Date: Wed Jan 31 2001 - 09:36:57 EST
UN Kosovo mission approves new regulation on human trafficking
15 JANUARY - The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
(UNMIK) has approved a regulation making human trafficking a crime
punishable by 2 to 20 years in prison.
Signed by outgoing UNMIK chief Dr. Bernard Kouchner before his departure
on 13 January, the new regulation defines "trafficking in persons" as
the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of
persons, by means of threat, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception,
abuse of power, or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits-"for
the purpose of exploitation."
The consent of the victim is considered irrelevant if any of those means
are used against a victim of trafficking, UNMIK said.
According to the regulation, any person who engages-or attempts to
engage-in human trafficking will be liable to a penalty from 2 to 12
years of imprisonment, while someone who facilitates trafficking through
"negligence" can be liable to a sentence of six months to five years.
Those who organize groups of people for the purpose of trafficking or
exploitation can receive a prison sentence of between 5 to 20 years.
As for persons who knowingly procure sexual services from a victim of
trafficking, a sentence of three months to five years in prison may be
handed down. If the victim is a minor, the prison term can be as long as
In addition, the regulation forbids the act of intentionally withholding
identification documents, now a criminal act with a penalty of six
months to five years' imprisonment, UNMIK said.
Prior to his departure, Dr. Kouchner also signed a regulation
prohibiting trials in absentia for serious violations of international
law and a regulation to create legal guarantees necessary to make Kosovo
more attractive to foreign investment.
Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Menschenrechte (BIM)
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights
Hessgasse 1, A-1010 Wien
tel +43-1-4277-27438, fax -27430
bim on the web: http://www.univie.ac.at/bim
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