Subject: Re: [Stop-traffic] Countries that signed the Trafficking Protocol
From: Melanie Orhant (email@example.com)
Date: Thu Dec 21 2000 - 12:19:15 EST
Can Ukraine, like the US, sign on to a Convention without having
ratified it? For example, the US can sign on to any Convention or
Protocol it wants, but it must have it ratified by the legislature
and signed by the President. Is this similar to the Ukraine? If so,
they then could have signed on to the Protocol and waited for it
later to be ratified by the legislature.
>Singling out the countries that did not sign, without offering explanatory
>comments, may cast those countries in a bad light.
>The fact is that some of the countries that did not sign have
>constitutional structures in place that prevent representatives from
>signing on to any agreement without the approval of their parliaments -
>i.e., the representatives may not have been empowered to sign a document
>that obligates that country to act on the agreement. It does not by any
>means suggest that those countries will not sign at some future date. The
>collection of signatures on UN protocols frequently span more than one year.
>Ukraine is one such country. It is important to note that the President of
>Ukraine signed these 3 optional protocols during the Millenium Summit last
>- Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
>Discrimination against Women
>- Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on
>Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
>- Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the
>Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
>The United States signed the latter 2 protocols only on July 5, 2000, much
>later than many other countries.
>Thus, it is far more important to note that even though those countries did
>not sign the Protocol on the spot, they did attend the Convention - that
>alone underscores their concerns about the issue.
>BRAMA - Gateway Ukraine
>At 03:24 PM 12/19/00 -0500, you wrote:
> >Last week, at Palermo, Italy, the UN Convention on Transnational Organized
> >Crime and the Trafficking and Smuggling Protocols were open to signature.
> >The countries that signed the Convention and Protocols are listed on the UN
> >website. http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/documents.html
> >A number of countries with significant trafficking problems did not sign,
> >e.g., Australia, China, Czech Republic, Israel, Japan, Morocco, Poland,
> >Slovakia and Slovenia, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Ukraine, Vietnam.
> >It is also interesting to note that all countries that signed the
> >Trafficking Protocol signed the Smuggling Protocol, except for Colombia and
> >Paraguay, which did not sign the Smuggling Protocol.
> >Also, every country, without exception, signed the main Convention.
> >Ann Jordan, Director
> >Initiative Against Trafficking in Persons
> >International Human Rights Law Group
> >1200 - 18th Street, NW
> >Washington, DC 20036
> >202-822-4600, ext. 27
> >Stop-traffic mailing list
>Stop-traffic mailing list
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Women's Reproductive Health Initiative
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Stop-Traffic is an open, facilitated, international electronic list
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for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) that addresses human
rights abuses associated with trafficking in persons, with a strong
emphasis on public health. The focus of Stop-Traffic is the
trafficking in persons into sweatshop labor, domestic servitude,
forced prostitution, forced agricultural labor and coercive
mail-order bride arrangements. Trafficking in people for forced
labor is an ever-growing worldwide phenomena that affects the health
and well-being of millions of women, men and children.
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