Subject: [Stop-traffic] News: UN Protocol on Trafficking signed
From: Walsh, Maureen (Maureen.Walsh@mail.house.gov)
Date: Fri Dec 15 2000 - 17:05:44 EST
U.N. Anti-Mob Treaty Signed
Updated 3:50 PM ET December 15, 2000
By FRANCES D'EMILIO, Associated Press Writer
PALERMO, Sicily (AP) - More than 120 countries had signed a U.N. treaty
featuring sweeping measures to lift financial secrecy and confiscate
by Friday's close of an international conference on organized crime,
Among those signing were Switzerland, Monaco, Seychelles, Cyprus and
Liechtenstein, whose bank secrecy practices have often frustrated
following the trail of laundered mob profits.
Wrapping up a four-day United Nations conference in Palermo, a front line
battle against organized crime, the U.N.'s anti-crime czar, Pino Arlacchi,
gathering's success exceeded expectations.
"In the fight against the Mafia, we have created a common language and the
legal tools around the world," Arlacchi said.
Sending delegates to Palermo were 148 countries. By Friday afternoon, 121
signed the treaty, which had been approved last month in New York by the
Arlacchi said he expected national legislatures to swiftly ratify the
Treaty-signers agreed to let investigators examine banking records in
suspected crimes. They also agreed to outlaw bank accounts opened
under false names, and must make it a crime to obstruct justice.
Italy's success in making Mafia association a crime, leading to the
jailing of thousands
of mobsters in the last two decades, inspired a similar measure in the
treaty to make
criminal association against the law in other nations.
Since gangs increasingly operate across borders, global recognition of
a crime could ease extradition, experts said.
Treaty-signers also pledged to make corruption a crime and protect
testify against mobsters.
Two protocols accompanying the treaty had more limited backing in Palermo.
nations signed a protocol to combat trafficking in prostitutes and child
labor, while 79
by mid-Friday had signed the second protocol on smuggling of immigrants.
Among the countries not signing those accords were China and Morocco - who
seen their people emigrate in large numbers, often illegally.
The protocols make trafficking in human beings a crime and guarantee that
being smuggled or traded in prostitution rings cannot be prosecuted.
Earlier this year, U.N. negotiators tried unsuccessfully to nail down a
third protocol to
battle manufacturers and dealers of illegal arms.
Among those pushing for renewed efforts to crack down on firearms was U.S.
undersecretary of state for global affairs, Frank Loy. The United States
treaty and the two protocols on Wednesday.
Arlacchi said negotiations on firearms should start next year.
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