[Stop-traffic] News/UK: MILLIONS OF VICTIMS OF MODERN SLAVERY

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Subject: [Stop-traffic] News/UK: MILLIONS OF VICTIMS OF MODERN SLAVERY
From: Melanie Orhant (morhant@igc.org)
Date: Fri Aug 11 2000 - 16:55:46 EDT


                  MILLIONS OF VICTIMS OF MODERN SLAVERY

PA 7-20-00 3:53 AM
  PA News.

   By Ashley Broadley and Nick Allen, PA News
    A descendant of anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce today urged
the Prime Minister to base a new anti-slavery campaign in her
great-great-great-great grandfather's home city of Hull.
    :: William Wilberforce, born in 1759 to a family of wealth and social
standing, became a Member of Parliament and a close friend of Prime
Minister William Pitt.
    :: After many years of struggle he succeeded in securing the abolition
of the slave trade and in 1833, three days before he died, he heard the
House of Commons had passed the law which emancipated all slaves in British
colonies.
    :: He was buried at Westminster Abbey, a statue was erected in his
memory. and Wilberforce House, the first anti-slavery museum is based in
his home city of Hull.
    :: Prohibition of slavery was later enshrined in the 1948 Universal
Declaration of Human Rights and in national laws around the world.
    :: But according to human rights organisation Anti-Slavery International
there are still millions of victims of various forms of slavery, including
bonded labour, forced labour, child labour, sexual exploitation and forced
marriage.
    :: The organisation's concerns include child labour in Pakistan,
children used as camel jockeys in the United Arab Emirates, trafficking of
people in West Africa and girls working as domestic servants in the
Philippines.
    :: The United Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery
estimated in 1999 that around 20 million people are held in bonded labour
around the world.
    :: An estimated 300,000 children in 30 countries aged 10 to 17 are
recruited or forced, by governments and rebel groups to serve in combat,
ASI said.
    :: A United States government report published in April estimated
between 700,000 and two million women and children are trafficked across
borders each year - their final destination could be as domestic workers or
in the sex industry.
    :: US president Bill Clinton recently signed two new protocols aimed at
preventing children from fighting in conflicts and from being trafficked
into sexual slavery.

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