[Stop-traffic] Report about China: Spring 1999 -- Suppression of Trafficking in Women

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Subject: [Stop-traffic] Report about China: Spring 1999 -- Suppression of Trafficking in Women
From: by way of Melanie Orhant (morhant@igc.org )
Date: Tue Jul 11 2000 - 22:18:25 EDT


I am only posting the first paragraph of this report. It is very
interesting. Please go to the following webpage for th entire report.

Melanie.....

http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e13_trafficking.htm

China Rights Forum Spring 1999

Suppression of Trafficking in Women

<http://www.hrichina.org/index.html>

[<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/contents.html>Contents]

[<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e12_definition.htm>Previous]

[<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e14_equal.htm>Next]

Trafficking in China, on the rise since the early 1980s, involves the
transfer of women and girls to other parts of the country or across
China’s borders, often by means of abduction, deception or
half-truths, for the purpose of selling them as “wives,” forcing them
into prostitution or profiting from their prostitution, or from other
kinds of exploitative work in which they are engaged, such as working
in sweatshops and begging. Evidence indicates that domestic
trafficking claims the majority of victims, but that trade across
China’s international borders is growing.

             Article 6 of CEDAW reads: “States parties shall take all
appropriate measures, including legislation, to suppress all forms of
traffic in women and exploitation of the prostitution of women.”
While in the past trafficking has generally been defined as relating
only to persons moved for purposes of prostitution, today it is
recognized that this type is just one of a variety of forms of
trafficking, and that other kinds are just as likely to deliver women
into exploitative and abusive situations. With such an understanding,
many NGOs and human rights experts are focusing on the need to
protect the rights of trafficked women, whatever kind of work they
are doing.

             The figures made available by the Chinese authorities are
scanty and generally only include cases which have been resolved.
However, these few official figures point to tens of thousands of
women and girls falling prey to traffickers every year. According to
official figures in 1997, in 1996, police arrested 14,709 people in
8,290 trafficking cases involving 1,928 trafficking groups. As a
result, 10,503 victims, including 1,563 children, were rescued. But
some observers put the figures much higher. In an unpublished report,
an international agency puts the number of trafficking victims in
Yunnan Province alone at between 5,000 and 10,000, with a third of
them children. According to a Chinese scholar in Yunnan, 1,800 women
and 700 girls were trafficked in the province in 1995.

             Chinese commentators attribute the continuance of
trafficking to several factors, including economic change,
persistence of “feudal” customs and regional disparities in wealth.
However, an official report also stated that “insufficient crackdown”
on traffickers and “lenient punishment” of purchasers were
contributing factors.

             But the collusion of officials, the lack of effort to
combat the trade and the failure to arouse public awareness about it
are also significant. There is little public reporting of this
problem as the authorities consider exposure of such negative issues
tarnishes China’s image. Some media, however, such as China Women’s
News and Rural Women Knowing All, have carried reports on trafficking
in recent years. But the general shortage of public discussion and
scholarly study means that deficiencies in the laws and policies
relating to this problem are not subject to criticism and review.
Furthermore, directing anti-trafficking campaigns only at potential
victims does little to mobilize society as a whole to fight this
egregious abuse of women’s rights, or to change the attitudes and
practices that allow women and girls to be bought and sold like
cattle.

  ******IF YOU'D LIKE THE REST OF THIS REPORT PLEASE GO TO THE WEB PAGE ABOVE.

THANKS

CEDAW Shadow Report, Section Summaries:
(<http://www.hrichina.org/reports/cedaw.html>full text of report is
also available on-line)

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e11_many.htm#introductio
n>Introduction

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e12_definition.htm>Defin
ition of Discrimination and Measures to Combat it

Suppression of Trafficking in Women

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e14_equal.htm>Equal
Participation in Political and Public Life

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e15_employment.htm>Emplo
yment: Threats to Women's Economic Independence

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e16_healthcare.htm>Equal
ity in Access to Health Care

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e17_rural.htm>Rural
Women: Less Equal than Urban Women

<http://www.hrichina.org/crf/english/99spring/e18_population.htm>The
Population Policy and Discrimination Against Women and Girls

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<http://www.hrichina.org/index.html>
Copyright © 1999 China Rights Forum.
Published by: <mailto:hrichina@hrichina.org>Human Rights in China
350 Fifth Avenue, Suite 3309, New York, NY 10118, U.S.A.
Tel: 212-239-4459 Fax: 212-239-2561


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