RE: urgent request for info on training

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Subject: RE: urgent request for info on training
From: Mulschlegel, F.J. (
Date: Sun Mar 05 2000 - 12:06:03 EST

Hello Aviva,
You could contact Anita Hazenberg at the Council of Europe, she'll know a
lot about police training.
And of course you could contact Europol, as we are preparing training for
I've included the lastest press item (today) on this topic...
By Brian Kenety.
BRUSSELS, Mar. 1 (IPS) - Every year hundreds of thousands of young women and
girls from less-developed regions are lured with misleading promises of
conventional employment to work in brothels and nightclubs in Western
Europe, according to top European crime-fighters.
They say the women work for little or no money under cruel, inhumane and
violent conditions.
At a public hearing before the European Parliament last week, experts from
the international police force, Interpol, and its European partner, Europol,
agreed that while it was difficult to collect statistical data in this area,
trafficking was a growing phenomenon.
The United Nations' Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights defines
trafficking as when someone is persuaded, tricked or forced into leaving
their country for the promise of a "better life" only to end up in forced or
slavery-like conditions.
As many as 500,000 persons are trafficked into Western Europe each year. In
addition to the traditional flow from Third World destinations, experts
spoke of an alarming increase in the number of victims coming from Eastern
Marco Gramegna, head of counter-trafficking services within the
International Organization for Migration (IOM), told the hearing that
trafficking should be approached not as an immigration issue, which has been
the practice in many countries, but as "a human rights violation within our
He said apart from shelter and protection in safehouses, rescued victims
need extensive guidance from social workers in order to voluntarily return
home and reintegrate into society.
However, if the victims lack valid travel documents, as is generally the
case, they are primarily regarded as "irregular immigrants" who are very
often subject to deportation in many receiving countries.
In some countries, this status excludes them from access to legal assistance
and medical care.
Furthermore, even though they are entitled to safeguards under the legal
system of the receiving country, most trafficking victims are hesitant to
report crimes committed against them, says the IOM.
But first, the victims must break free.
In order to avoid detection by local police, criminal groups frequently move
trafficked women working as prostitutes across international borders,
'selling' them to other gangs.
Traffickers profit from non-existent or relatively lax sanctions in many
parts of the world, or, as in Europe, from an insufficient level of
coordinated and effective measures across state borders.
"We lack an action plan at the European level: It exists on paper, but not
in practice," Europol Deputy Director Dr Willy Bruggeman told legislators,
stressing that 'the laws (of European Union member states) should be
compatible, if not harmonized."
He said refusal of some police to work with their counterparts from other
member states compounded the problem, as did a lack of controls at points of
Up to 60 percent of prostitutes in certain Western European countries are
controlled by organized Russian and Albanian criminal networks.
In December 1997, the Council of Europe launched a three-year "Police and
Human Rights" program in which more than 35 of its 41 member states are
The program manager, Anita Hazenberg of the Network of European Policewomen,
said that police in the transit countries of Central and Eastern Europe
often gave insufficient priority to trafficking, as they felt the problem
and the women were "moving on."
The EU's executive European Commission and the United States in Nov financed
IOM information campaigns in Bulgaria and Hungary to alert the public of the
dangers trafficked women faced when living or working abroad. The IOM has
carried out like campaigns in Albania, Romania and the Philippines.
But Central and Eastern European countries remain countries of origin,
transit and, increasingly, destination for trafficked victims.
A report by the Global Survival Network said that 50,000 women leave Russia
every year, while a recent study in the Netherlands showed that 75 percent
of the trafficked women interviewed were from Central and Eastern Europe.
A 1998 report by the Center for Equal Opportunities found most victims
interviewed in Belgium come from (in descending order) Africa, Eastern
Europe and Asia.
Victim's rights groups say that trafficking tends to worsen in conflict or
post-conflict situations: traffickers exploit the situation, in particular
of the fact that many persons are in vulnerable situations, undocumented and
separated from their families.
Jan Austad, a specialized officer from Interpol, said that before the war in
the Yugoslav province of Kosovo, gangs of ethnic Albanians abducted or lured
women to Italy, for clients there and to points north. After the war, the
gangs set up brothels to cater to the international armed forces stationed
"Some countries tolerate their armed forces visiting (Kosovo) brothels -
filled with women who were more than likely trafficked," he said, noting
Western Europe's "lack of political will" to tackle the problem.
The Organization for Cooperation and Security in Europe (OSCE) last year
agreed an action plan that seeks to strengthen the legal framework to
punishing the traffickers and assist governments and non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) in providing greater protection for victims.
(c) 2000 Global Information Network.
IPS NEWSFEED 01/03/2000

> -----Original Message-----
> From: iwn []
> Sent: Thursday, March 02, 2000 7:18 PM
> To: Multiple recipients of list STOP-TRAFFIC
> Subject: urgent request for info on training
> I am writing from the Israel Womens' Network where we want to set up a
> project for training police, judiciary and immigration officials with
> respect to trafficking.
> If anyone has any experience in this area, would you please contact me.
> I would like to receive relevant materials as well as any advice.
> Please use email title training information.
> Thank you for your assistance.
> Aviva Factor
> The Israel Women's Network
> P.O Box 53186
> Jerusalem 91531
> Israel
> Tel: 972-2-6718885
> Fax: 972-2-6718887
> web Site: < <>>

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