RE: INFO. REQUEST: Prevention Measures

New Message Reply Date view Thread view Subject view Author view

BAERTEN Ginette (gbaerten@iom.int)
Wed, 9 Sep 1998 13:01:16 +0200


It seems that little is being done to try to PREVENT trafficking. Having
looked at various reports and other documentation, the prime preventative
measure is Information campaigns. I am still waiting to find evidence that
these campaigns are successful.

I have, as yet, found few other measures... those I have found are listed
below:

1. Regulation and registering of marriage, escort, modeling, employment and
touring agencies and public advertisements.

2. Education in schools to combat negative stereo-types of women

3. Establishment of a Ministry for Women's Affairs to ensure women's rights

4. A rethinking of visa categories in countries of destination, particularly
for "entertainers" and "dancers"

Does anyone else have any ideas? Whilst higher sanctions against traffickers
and assistance for the victims are of vital importance, is it not more
important that we take more preventative action?

Ginette
From mwyss@iom.int Wed Sep 9 02:14:29 1998
Received: from fw.iom.ch (fw.iom.int [193.135.22.2])
        by solar.cini.utk.edu (8.9.0/8.9.0) with SMTP id CAA15734
        for <stop-traffic@solar.cini.utk.edu>; Wed, 9 Sep 1998 02:14:27 -0400 (EDT)
Received: by fw.iom.ch; (5.65v3.2/1.3/10May95) id AA11352; Wed, 9 Sep 1998 08:24:42 +0200
Received: by poseidon.iom.int with Internet Mail Service (5.5.2232.9)
        id <S2FCYFN7>; Wed, 9 Sep 1998 08:15:41 +0200
Message-Id: <09ADD5485DABD011BBC30000F8309945C121E6@MAILSERVER.iom.int>
From: WYSS Martin <mwyss@iom.int>
To: "'stop-traffic@solar.cini.utk.edu'" <stop-traffic@solar.cini.utk.edu>
Subject: RE: Re: discussion issues
Date: Wed, 9 Sep 1998 08:26:07 +0200
Return-Receipt-To: WYSS Martin <mwyss@iom.int>
Mime-Version: 1.0
X-Mailer: Internet Mail Service (5.5.2232.9)
Content-Type: text/plain

Sounds like I have to justify myself - would love to in detail, but have
very little time:

Infocampaigns in the Ukraine e.g. (E.G.!!!) show that while it is good
alerting to ptoential dangers it doesn't do anything against misery,
joblessness, lack of opportunities, no future, salaries which don't cover
the most basic needs, discrimination of women at home etc.

I happen to have observed in detail the positive effects of Portuguese
emigration (male and female and families etc.) for Portugal, for the
Portuguese. The Portuguese are part of Europe, the Ukrainians are not. This
is what I meant with "becoming more realistic about the issue". There is no
point warning people of the dangers of trafficking while keeping the doors
shut: the choices remain the same suffer at home or take a risk abroad. The
Portuguese didn't and don't have to take the same risks. This is addressing
the real issue.

There is a need to open up the door and allow for legal and beneficial
migration.

(What's the most effective way to reduce drug related crimes, Drug
TRAFFICKING if you will ? - legalize the drugs or their use. In some
countries certified users - socalled addicts - receive the stuff from the
state - it works like a miracle)

There is an oft-debated issue : Decriminalization Prostitution, there is
another issue maybe we might call it Decriminalizing Migration.

What I meant with "an excuse to do nothing" is a long story and has to do
with my personal assessment of "world politics". A hint: the present mess in
the democratic republic of congo with all its implications and complications
is portrayed as "out of control" - on this basis I sense that this serves as
"an excuse to do nothing".

Similarly if Russia collapses economically and the choices and opportuniteis
become even less, there will be more trafficking more abuse, more forced
prostitution, more crime etc. etc. - the problem might then be conveniently
termed "TO BE OUT OF CONTROL" - "beyond remedy", "terminally fatal" - so -
good excuse to do nothing.

Bush failed dismally in Somalia with a harebrained plan whose dangers were
spelled out to him in detail before - he failed and had a good excuse to do
nothing (he and his successor) for years.

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Gbdiaspora@aol.com [SMTP:Gbdiaspora@aol.com]
> Sent: Tuesday, September 08, 1998 3:44 PM
> To: Multiple recipients of list
> Subject: Re: Re: discussion issues
>
>
> In a message dated 9/4/98 8:26:48 AM, you wrote:
>
> <<Either this is a chance to become more realistic about the issue or an
> > excuse to do nothing
> > >>
>
> I am not certain exactly what your point is in comparing the "choice" of
> "voluntary cleaning ladies" with "voluntary sexwork," but your sentence
> above
> really caught my eye. The alternative to "doing nothing" is "doing
> something." What do you have in mind, besides "becoming more realistic"
> which
> is an attitude and not an action. Would you be willing to propose an
> "action
> statement" which starts with a verb, describes the action to be taken,
> defines
> the "target" of the action and ends with the goal to be accomplished of
> "change in the public interest?" That would be something really worth
> discussing!
From lsloan@UH.EDU Tue Sep 8 10:24:16 1998
Received: from Post-Office.UH.EDU (pmdf@Post-Office.UH.EDU [129.7.1.20])
        by solar.cini.utk.edu (8.9.0/8.9.0) with ESMTP id KAA14930
        for <stop-traffic@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU>; Tue, 8 Sep 1998 10:24:12 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from [129.7.41.181] (Sloan.SW.UH.EDU)
 by Post-Office.UH.EDU (PMDF V5.1-12 #U2811)
 with ESMTP id <0EYY00GK2YXSG9@Post-Office.UH.EDU> for
 stop-traffic@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU; Tue, 8 Sep 1998 09:29:52 -0500 (CDT)
Date: Tue, 08 Sep 1998 09:30:55 -0500
From: Lacey Sloan <lsloan@UH.EDU>
Subject: Choice
In-reply-to: <b06b5d7c.35ef59ee@aol.com>
X-Sender: lsloan@bayou.uh.edu
To: stop-traffic@SOLAR.RTD.UTK.EDU
Message-id: <l03110712b21aecf33b62@[129.7.41.181]>
MIME-version: 1.0
Content-type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Content-transfer-encoding: 7BIT

I agree that choice is a critical issue in our discussion and feel it is
important to recognize that choice exists along a continuum...no one has
unlimited choices and no one has no choices. Sometimes our only choices
are not very palatable, and sometimes we are fortunate enough to have more
than one good alternative to choose from. Even the millionaire, Steve
Forbes, with all his money could not become president of the United States,
so one choice was not available to him (although he could pursue it).

As I have traveled to developing countries, it is clear that for many
women, prostitution is one of the few alternatives to starvation and
poverty. Unfortunately, in many countries, starvation and poverty are
widespread and there are few jobs that enable workers to avoid poverty. I
suppose that is why some of the "rehab" programs in developing countries
are unsuccessful at keeping women out of sex work--the work the women are
trained to do does not lift them out of poverty.

It seems to me the only solution to ensure choice in work is the
elimination of poverty. Only when people are secure in having a liveable
income no matter what their work, can they be free to choose work that they
want.

It also seems to me that as long as we continue to think of prostitution as
a last resort or an unpleasant alternative, women who do this work, for
whatever reasons, will think of themselves negatively. It seems to me that
if we honor prostitution as a legitimate form of work that women who do it
out of economic necessity will not feel like they are doing the lowest form
of work available. It seems that women in the US who think of prostitution
as a legitimate form of work hold themselves in high esteem, and those who
feel like it is the worst thing that a woman can do, feel victimized and
humilated by the work. Please note that I realize that victimization and
humiliation could occur first, then the woman in prostitution feels like
prostitution is the worst thing that a woman can do.

Lacey Sloan


New Message Reply Date view Thread view Subject view Author view

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.0b3 on Sun May 23 1999 - 13:43:51 EDT