Dhaka Declaration, June 1998

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Donna M. Hughes (dhughes@uriacc.uri.edu)
Wed, 08 Jul 1998 08:14:40 -0400


THE DHAKA DECLARATION

>From the recent conference Organising Against Sexual Exploitation in the
Asian Region

 Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

 June 26-29, 1998, Dhaka, Bangladesh

 We, the participants of the above conference have come from 16 countries
across South and East Asian regions, as well as from North America to
gather here in Dhaka. Organizations long involved in and with track
records of work in human rights, women and children's rights, development,
and the suppression of trafficking and prostitution have contributed their
experience and insights on the issues of sexual exploitation. Women in
prostitution have been active participants throughout the conference.

 In this year of the 50th Anniversary of the UN Declaration of Human
Rights, the magnitude of sexual crimes against women has reached appalling
dimensions. Trafficking in women and girls, prostitution, pornography, and
child sexual exploitation have assumed new and pernicious forms and are
cruel and widespread realities. Worse, local and global sex industries are
normalising the commoditisation of sexuality.

 Globalisation of Asian economies, supposedly initiated to boost Asian
economic growth, instead has aggravated economic, social and political
inequalities. The recent financial crisis that has gripped the Asian region
has further eroded the economic, social and political fabric of Asian
countries. Millions of people are unemployed and hundreds of thousands of
migrant women workers have been terminated and repatriated.

 In many areas of Asia, political, ethnic and sometimes religious conflicts
have resulted in the displacement of women and children. Political
instability and natural disasters aggravate the vulnerability of women and
children leading to their trafficking and sexual exploitation. Militarism
and civil unrest have promoted the sexual harassment and rape of women and
children in many affected areas. Many women have become widowed and
children orphaned and displaced. The inferior status of women in many parts
of the Asian region, exacerbated by cultural practices, has sharpened
gender inequalities. Primarily in Asia, all these factors have led to the
globalisation of sexual inequality through sex trafficking, prostitution,
sex tourism, mail order bride industries,, pornography and sex
entertainment which is entrenched and expanding.

 Mindful of these realities, we, the participants at the Regional Asian
Conference on "Organising Against Sexual Exploitation," sponsored by the
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, during June 26-29, 1998, do hereby
declare that:

* It is the fundamental human right to be free of sexual exploitation in
all its forms, and that sex trafficking and prostitution are not inevitable
aspects of the human conditions.

 * Sexual exploitation preys on women and children made vulnerable by
poverty and socio-cultural ideology and practices.

 * Prostitution and trafficking are forms of sexual exploitation and can
never be considered work as essentially they deprive women and children of
their human dignity.

 * Government policies have created situations where economic policies
result in the displacement of peopled creating refugees and migrant
populations which become targets of sexual exploitation.

 * Sexual exploitation violates the rights of anyone subjected to it,
whether female or male, adult or child, from the South or North. Local and
global sex industries and trafficking networks are systematically violating
women's rights on a massive scale.

 * Sexual exploitation is a vehicle for racism and so-called first world
domination, disproportionately victimising minority and third world women.

 * Modern communications technology such as the Internet is being misused
to promote and enact multiple forms of sexual exploitation.

 * Prostitution and sex trafficking gravely impair women's health and can
result in infection, injury, disability and death.

 * Sexual exploitation eroticises women's inequality.

 * Prostitution victimises all women, justifies the sale of any woman, and
reduces all women to sex.

 * Women have the right to sexual integrity and autonomy.

 Here follow the more concrete recommendations:

 * That governments protect and promote women's human, civil, and
constitutional rights while they are in conditions of sex trafficking and
prostitution, and at the same time aggressively eliminate the causes.

 * That governments decriminalize the women in conditions of sex
trafficking or prostitution at the same time that they penalise the
recruiters, procurers and buyers of women for purposes of prostitution.

 * That governments reject any policy or law that legitimises sex
trafficking or prostitution or that legalises it in any way, including as a
profession, occupation or as entertainment.

 * That religious laws such as the Hudood Ordinance of Pakistan which
encourages perpetrators of trafficking and often the police to discriminate
against and abuse of women, be repealed.

 * That NGOs should have Observer status in the Heads of State meeting of
the regional forums such as SAARC, ASEAN and others.

 * That consent of the women procured for sex trafficking and prostitution
not be recognised as a defence for pimps, procurers and buyers, nor as
rationale for state-sanctioned institutionalisation of prostitution as work.

 * That governments and non-governmental organisations put resources at
women's disposal such as credits, micro-lending programmes, enterprise
training, and other needed social, medical and personal services.

 * That women in conditions of sex trafficking and prostitution have the
right to sexual integrity and sexual autonomy and therefore can sue for
sexual harassment, assault and rape.

 For our part, the participating organisations resolve to continue working
with and for trafficked and prostituted women and children towards the goal
of ending these forms of human rights violations in the pursuit of a more
humane world for ourselves and for coming generations.

                                             
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Subject: GRANTS: INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN
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INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN
SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM
Application Deadline: September 1, 1998

Offered by the Network Women's Program of the Open Society Institute/Soros
Foundation in cooperation with the Global Survival Network and the Witness
project of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights.

Introduction

This grants program will support INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS to address the problem
of trafficking in women. Trafficking is a global human rights issue that
requires a comprehensive response from non-governmental and governmental
organizations around the world. The role of NGOs in combating trafficking is
diverse and may include programs that: educate the public about the risks of
trafficking, use media and public outreach campaigns to lobby for legislative to
ensure human rights, provide psychological, medical and legal assistance to
female victims of violence, and work to improve the economic and social status
of women living in transitional economies.
     
The Aim of the Grant Program

As a follow-up to the Network-wide Transnational Training Seminar on Trafficking
held in Budapest in June of 1998, the Network Women's Program (NWP) is offering
a small grants program in cooperation with the Global Survival Network (GSN) and
the Witness project of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights to support
initiatives that will promote awareness of trafficking, provide support to
victims and potential victims, and advocate for legislative reform.

There are two grant programs available for international or regional projects
between nongovernmental organizations. The maximum amount for each grant will
be $5,000. The available grants, which will be funded with by the NWP, are as
follows:

GRANT PROGRAM # 1
**Transnational Programmatic Grant**
Grants will be given to support the creation or development of international or
regional initiatives relating to trafficking. Such initiatives must include
establishing cooperation between at least two different NGOs. The NGOs may be
in countries of origin, transit, or destination for trafficking in women. In
addition to a completed Grant Application (attached at the end of this
document), the package must include:

1) A proposal describing the objectives of the proposed collaborative project
and expected outcomes;
2) A summary of the past and present activities of the groups, programs or
departments involved;
3) A detailed budget and narrative that clearly explains individual line items
($5,000 maximum) and identifies how the organizations propose to allocate funds.
The budget may include:
a) staff time for planning and implementing the initiative
b) phone/fax/E-mail/postage
c) operational support
d) programmatic expenses for follow-up initiatives
e) other expenses if justified

GRANT # 2
** On-Site Training Grant**
Funds may also support an On-Site Training Grant. Grants will be given to
support participation in two weeks of on-site training with another organization
in another country. Grant funds to the visiting NGO will be a maximum of $2,000
to cover travel, meals, and a small stipend ($150/week) for NGO
representative(s) participating in the training. The group sponsoring the
on-site training will also receive a maximum grant of $3,000 for hosting the
visitor NGO, in order to cover the costs of accommodation, staff time for
training, translation (where necessary), and a contribution towards two weeks of
operational expenses during the training.

Organizations applying for a grant to support on-site training must submit the
following information in addition to a completed Application Form:

1) A brief schedule and detail of the contents of the proposed training;
2) A brief summary describing how the applicant hope to benefit from the
training;
3) A brief summary of how the applicant will disseminate materials and skills
learned from the training to colleagues and others in their community;
4) The language(s) spoken by the proposed trainee;
5) Proposed dates for two weeks of training and proposed location (note:
trainings must be after October 1998 because of grant application and payment
schedule);
6) A letter of invitation from the relevant training organization supporting the
proposed training and indicating availability on the dates suggested;
7) A proposed budget from the visiting NGO trainee, including costs of travel,
meals, translation (if necessary) and stipend ($150 per trainee per week);
8) A proposed budget from the hosting NGO including the costs of accommodation,
staff time for training, translation (where necessary), and a contribution
towards two weeks of operational expenses during the training.

NOTE:
1) The combined budget of the host and visitor NGO may not exceed $5,000, with a
maximum of $2,000 to the Visting NGO and a maximum of $3,000 to the Host NGO.
2) The Host NGO shall develop the budget for their costs as itemized above, the
letter of invitation, and the proposed schedule in consultation with the Visting
NGO. It is the responsibility of the Visiting NGO to develop and submit the
other portions of the grant proposal and to submit the completed Application
Form and proposal, including the portions developed by the Host NGO, to the
relevant National Foundation.

Applicant Eligibility

All NGOs that are located in the countries of the OSI Network are eligible to
apply for grants. The countries include Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belorus,
Bosnia & Herzogovina, Bulgaria, Burma, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia,
Georgia, Haiti, Hungary, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia,
Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa,
Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Yugoslavia.

Grant proposals must present a plan for international or regional work related
to trafficking. They must include a minimum of two NGOs participating, with one
of the NGOs being based in one of the countries of the OSI Network (see list
above).

Preference will be given to NGOs that have completed the Transnational Training
Seminar in Budapest (June 1998).

Applications from individuals will not be considered.
 
Applicants may apply for funding under more than one grant program.

**Application guidelines**

All grant applicants must complete the attached Application Form which requires
the following information:

1) Full contact information for the applicant group, program or department;
2) The names, full address and telephone/fax numbers of two references who can
evaluate and comment on the group's work and the proposed activities;
3) The total budget of the organization for 1997-1998, and a complete list of
sources of funding for 1997 and 1998.

**Where to Send Applications**
     
Applications should be sent in English or Russian to all three of the following
entities: (1) the NWP in Budapest; and (2) the Global Survival Network.

Note: E-mail applications are preferred, and applications submitted
electronically should be sent as text in the main body of the e-mail message.

The address of NWP (Budapest) is:

Open Society Institute
Network Women's Program
1051 Budapest, Hungary
Nador u. 11.
Tel: (361) 327 3139
Fax: (361) 327 3864
E-mail: womenpro@osi.hu
The address of GSN is:

Global Survival Network
P.O. Box 73214
Washington DC 20009
tel 202-387-0032
fax 202-387-2590
E-mail: jkanics@igc.org and caldwellg@lchr.org (Witness Project E-mail address)
      
                                                                        
**Deadlines & Timetables**
September 1, 1998: Grant applications due to NWP and GSN
October 15, 1998: Grant award notification sent by NWP
November 2, 1998: Funds disbursed by NWP

**Conditions of Application**
It is the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that applications are
received by the due date. Applications not received by the application deadline
will not be considered.

**Grant Reports**
All grant recipients will be required to submit an original copy of a report
about the progress of their initiative to the NF, with copies to GSN and NWP, by
April 1, 1999.

The report should be in the form of a two page description of how the grant was
utilized, including a detailed budget report and related receipts. (Note that if
the project is not yet completed, the April 1, 1999, should be an interim report
with a final report due on November 1, 1999).

Grant recipients who do not provide reports on their projects will not be
eligible to receive NWP grants in the future.
     
For Further Information please contact:

1) Open Society Institute / Network Women's Program
1051 Budapest, Nador u. 11, Hungary
Tel: 36 1 327 3139
Fax: 36 1 327 3864
E-mail: womenpro@osi.hu

or

2) Global Survival Network
Attn: Jyothi Kanics
P.O. Box 73214
Washington DC 20009 USA
tel 202-387-0032
fax 202-387-2590
E-mail: jkanics@igc.org

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
APPLICATION FORM
INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN
SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM
Offered by the Network Women's Program of the Open Society Institute in
cooperation the Global Survival Network and the Witness project/Lawyers
Committee for Human Rights

Application Deadline -- September 1 1998

Note: Proposal should be submitted in English.
     
Organization Name
Project Title
Street Address
City
Zip Code
Country
Contact Person
Telephone
Fax
E-mail
Website (if applicable)
     
References who can recommend your organization/project
Reference # 1
Name
Street
City
Zip Code
Country
Telephone
Fax
E-mail

Reference # 2
Name
Street
City
Zip Code
Country
Telephone
Fax
E-mail
     
Total Grant Funds Requested:
     
Budget for Grant Funds Requested:

Please attach a total organizational budget for 1997/1998 including operational
costs (rent, salaries, phone, fax, E-mail utilities, and office supplies) and
programmatic costs.

Past Funding
Please provide a complete list of grant, sphere of activity, and other sources
of funding in 1997 and 1998, including the year, the amount received and the
source.

Please enclose a copy of your organizational Charter or a Verification of
Registration

Notification of applications received and grant determinations will be sent by
post and by either fax or E-mail (please specify your preference)
____Fax
____E-mail

Applicant checklist

GRANT PROGRAM #1: Programmatic Grant
___ Grant Application Form & Associated Materials
___ Project Description
___ Description of Past Activities of all NGOs participating
___ Detailed Budget (max. $ 5,000) with clarity as to budget allocations between
NGOs

GRANT PROGRAM #2: On-Site Training Grant
___ Grant Application Form & Associated Materials
___ Project description including dates of proposed training & proposed site of
training
___ Description of Past Activities
___ Detailed Budget for host and visiting NGO (maximum combined budget $5,000)
___ Letter of invitation from the host organization


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