This is the first of the four easy steps of this guide. Your computer comes with limited or no support for Cyrillic languages and in this step you will install fonts that contain letters of Cyrillic alphabets (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarussian, etc.) to be able to display and even type Cyrillic text.
Fonts recommended for download (this applies to all other recommended software on this site unless specified otherwise) from this page are free- or shareware. A number of links to commercial Cyrillic fonts are available. Don't forget to check the links to pages with additional information at the bottom of this page!
X ships with a few fonts containing Cyrillic alphabet characters.
Lucida is among those. These fonts conform to Apple Standard
Fonts installed in System 9 are automatically made available in Mac OS X, so if you upgraded to OS X from a "russified" System 9, your do not need to reinstall the fonts.
It is still useful to have fonts in other encodings in addition to Apple Standard Cyrillic. I use the "ER" series of fonts available from BRAMA Ukrainian Gateway. For example, here are links to download ER Univers in various encodings:
To install fonts in OS X, place individual font files into /Library/Fonts folder. If an application is running, you need to quit and relaunch it for the newly installed fonts to become available.
System installer for Mac
OS 9 allows you install Apple's Cyrillic support software (basically, a
bundled Cyrillic Language Kit), which includes Apple Standard Cyrillic
fonts and a Cyrillic script. You should be able to run the installer over
the already-install System 9 and just add the Cyrillic support files. To
install, do the following:
If you're interested in such font encodings as KOI8, CP1251, etc. in addition to Apple Standard Cyrillic, see above.
You will find more supporting information below, although the remainder of this page is optional reading and is not required. After completing Mac OS 9 Cyrillic support installation instructions, you do not need to install a separate script, and therefore can skip Step 2, proceeding directly to Step 3.
In this Step you'll be required to download and install 2 different standards of fonts on your Macintosh: KOI8 and Apple Standard Cyrillic.
KOI stands for "Kod Obmena Informatsii" or Code of Information Exchange. It is an 8-bit encoding (hence the name KOI8) which includes both Latin and Cyrillic alphabets and is used in Russia predominantly for communication purposes, such as e-mail, USENET, Internet publishing via WWW, Gopher, etc.
There are other standards of character encoding, both Latin and Cyrillic. For example, a standard used in the USA is called ASCII or American National Standard Code for Information Interchange; its most common form is 7-bit encoding which only contains characters of the Latin alphabet. Besides KOI8, there are at least three more methods of encoding Cyrillic text, and while surfing the Internet, you might see the names Apple Standard Cyrillic, Codepage 1251 (MS-Windows ANSI) and Codepage 866 (Alternative PC). Those encodings are more commonly used on Windows and DOS computers, respectively.
A KOI8 font is needed to be able to display KOI8 text; to be able to write in KOI8, an appropriate keyboard layout is also necessary. Among several KOI8 fonts available on the Internet, I would recommend either Dan Chirkov's KOI8-Terminal package or the ER (stands for English-Russian) series of fonts. Note - Dan Chirkov's package is referenced here for historical purposes since those fonts were the first Macintosh KOI8 fonts to become available and as a result probably have larger installed base than the recent ER series.
decompress using StuffIt
and install it. Note: The file is currently not
scroll down to the section of ER fonts for your KOI8
goal in this step is to install the fonts, it is my
you install only one suitcase of fonts out of the
whole package - it is
called "KOI8-Terminal.suit" and can be
found in the "TrueType"
folder (see illustration above). If you need help
with installing the
fonts on your Macintosh, follow this link.
Download the fonts from BRAMA Ukrainian Gateway at:
Apple Standard Cyrillic Fonts
This section provides instructions on downloading and installing Cyrillic fonts which are a part of Apple's Russian version of System 7.0.1. I am assuming that you're running System 7.x.x and higher. Instructions below are for TrueType fonts, if you're interested in PostScript versions, read these instructions.
ER Apple Standard Cyrillic fonts are also available, they have "Macintosh" in their name. Download these fonts from BRAMA Ukrainian Gateway at:
IMPORTANT - If your goal is to be able to ONLY DISPLAY Cyrillic (WWW Browser, for example) and you're NOT planning to TYPE in Russian (E-Mail, for example), you do not need to follow Steps 2 and 3 - go directly to Step 4 to continue.