Goddard began construction on a rocket one-fifth size of the 'large model' (i.e. four times larger than 1926 flight models), with few, simple parts, easily replaced, and much-improved fuel injection. References: 482 .
Solar radiation research. Launched at 0749 local time. Reached 99 km.
Decree 1241-632 '0n creation or the Command Measurement Complex' was issued. The decree marked the beginning of development of the KIK satellite tracking system. This network was put together using a combination of PVO (Air Defence) and ICBM tracking systems. Trajectory information was fed into the KIK Centre for orbital calculations. The Centre was staffed by 680 officers and 151 civilian scientists of the Soviet Army in four sections. References: 474 .
3rd generation, high resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. References: 1 , 2 , 6 .
Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite III (ETS-III) launched 0500 GMT 3 Sep 1982 from Osaki launch site, Tanegashima. Launching organization: National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). Verification of three axis attitude control function; verification of so lar array paddle deployment function; verification of active thermal control function; functional test of mission equipment in the space. N launch vehicle flight no 9. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 .
Began installation of VDU thruster pod on Sofora tower. References: 66 .
US Navy communications. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 , 278 .
Mir Expedition EO-20. Crew commander was Yuriy Pavlovich Gidzenko of the Russian Air Force. Flight engineer was Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeev of RKK Energiya, and cosmonaut-researcher was Thomas Reiter of the European Space Agency. Soyuz TM-22 docked with Mir's front (-X) port at 10:29:54 GMT on September 5 and the hatch was opened at 11:01:23. On February 29 the crew undocked from Mir in Soyuz TM-22, and at 10:42 GMT they landed in Kazakhstan. References: 2 , 6 , 51 , 276 .