Wernher von Braun joined the German Army Ordnance Office rocket program at Kummersdorf. References: 17 .
Germans successfully fired and recovered A-5 development rockets with gyroscopic controls and parachutes, attaining altitude of 12 km and a range of 18 km. References: 17 .
Secretary of War Patterson approved plan to bring top German scientists to United States to aid military research and development. Small group of German rocket specialists brought to United States under Project Paperclip to work on missile development at Fort Bliss and White Sands Proving Ground. References: 17 .
Reaction Motors began design and development of rocket engine for the Navy Viking sounding rocket. References: 17 .
Army Ordnance initiated Bumper Project for development leading to a two-stage rocket test vehicle, which resulted in use of JPL WAC Corporal as second stage of a V-2. References: 17 .
Long-Range Proving Ground at Cape Canaveral was activated. References: 17 .
Rand Corp. completed missile feasibility studies begun in 1949, which confirmed the military practicability of long-range rocket weapons. References: 17 .
Chrysler Corporation issued a letter order contract to proceed with active work as the prime contractor on the Redstone missile system. This contract was definitized on 19 Jun 53.
NACA scientists initiated examination of the need for a follow-on manned-rocket research vehicle to the X-15, following ARDC inquiries concerning a boost-glide vehicle. References: 17 .
Project Vanguard world-wide tracking system (minitrack) became operational. References: 17 .
Air Force awarded contract Pratt & Whitney for Centaur vehicle with hydrogen-burning chamber based on research of Lewis Research Center between 1953 and 1957. Centaur project later transferred to NASA. References: 17 , 278 .
NASA was activated in accordance with the terms of Public Law 85-568, and the nonmilitary space projects which had been conducted by the Advanced Research Projects Agency were transferred to the jurisdiction of the NASA. Concurrently, NACA, after a 43-year tenure, was inactivated, and its facilities and personnel became a part of NASA. References: 26 .
Funds were approved by NASA Headquarters for the following major changes to the Mercury spacecraft: egress hatch installation (CCP-58-1), astronaut observation window installation (CCP-73); rate stabilization and control system (CCP-61-2), main instrument and panel redesign (CCP-76), installation of reefed ringsail landing parachute (CCP-41), and nonspecification configurations of spacecraft (CCP-8). With reference to the last item, the original contract with McDonnell had specified only one spacecraft configuration, but the various research and development flight tests required changes in the configuration. References: 483 .
In reduction of military-industrical complex, Myasishchev and Tsybin design bureaus are closed and work stopped on the three prototype winged manned spacecraft already built. References: 83 .
Bland demonstrated capability of a destroyer to recover MR-2 Mercury capsule, with Virgil Grissom aboard, from water in series of pickups in lower Chesapeake Bay. References: 18 .
Tropical storm 'Daisy' was studied by Mercury operations activities for its possible effects on the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) mission, but flight preparations continued. References: 483 .
All-Russian Council of the National Economy (VSNKh) Decree 'Program for Space Investigations With Small Artificial Satellite, Launched on the Kosmos -- On course of work on small satellites at OKB-586' was issued. References: 474 .
Suborbital. References: 5 .
At a Customer Acceptance Readiness Review at North American, NASA formally accepted spacecraft 002. The vehicle was then demated and shipped to White Sands. References: 16 .
Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On renaming OKB-586 as KB Yuzhnoye' was issued. References: 474 .
Ionospheric and auroral investigations; lower than planned orbit. Fourth satellite of ESRO. Also registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.220 as United States space object 1969-83A, with category B and orbital parameters 90.6 min, 280 x 339 km x 85.1 deg. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 .
Decree 'On the Development of an Adjustment Complex with the Taifun-2' Artificial Satellite--approval of work on the Taifun-2 system' was issued. References: 474 .
Decree 'On the Development of a System of Global Television Reconnaissance (TGR) 'Taifun' Artificial Satellite--approval of work on the Taifun reconnaissance satellite' was issued. References: 474 .
Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of US-A with Tsiklon-2 into armaments' was issued. References: 474 .
Stationed at 80 deg E; later moved to 13.5 deg W. Communications experiments. Investigation of outer space; relaying of telephone and telegraph information. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 , 67 , 112 , 274 .
Inactivation of HQ SAMTO at Vandenberg AFB. References: 88 .
Retrieved MEEP materials exposure experiment from outside of Mir. References: 66 .
Ku-band communications satellite to provide broadcast services for eastern Asia. Stationed at 108 deg E.