|Horizon Final Base|
Project Horizon Lunar Outpost in as it would appear by late 1965
Credit: US Army. 10,141 bytes. 463 x 327 pixels.
HORIZON was a 1959 US Army study to establish a military lunar outpost. According to the project plan, by the end of 1964, a total of 40 SATURN vehicles would have been launched to assemble the necessary spacecraft and infrastructure in low earth orbit. Cargo delivery to the moon would begin in January 1965 with the first manned landing by two men in April 1965. The build-up and construction phase continued until the outpost would be manned by a task force of 12 men in November 1966.
|Horizon Compartment - Cross Section of Typical Project Horizon Lunar Outpost Compartment|
Credit: US Army. 3,152 bytes. 423 x 215 pixels.
|Horizon Camp - Overall View of Initial Project Horizon Lunar Construction Camp|
Credit: US Army. 8,021 bytes. 546 x 363 pixels.
|Horizon First Camp - Layout of Project Horizon Lunar Basic 12-Man Outpost|
Credit: US Army. 6,839 bytes. 536 x 363 pixels.
|Horizon Space Suit - Project Horizon Typical Lunar Suit|
Credit: US Army. 5,245 bytes. 440 x 345 pixels.
The U.S. Army Map Service studied methods of mapping the moon. This effort evolved into Project LAMP Lunar Analysis and Mapping Program) in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey. By spring 1960, the first maps were in preparation.
|Horizon Transport - Project Horizon Earth-Moon Transporation Schemes|
Credit: US Army. 4,046 bytes. 495 x 378 pixels.
|Horizon Initial Plan - Project Horizon Initial Two Man Round Trip to Lunar Surface|
Credit: US Army. 8,064 bytes. 507 x 377 pixels.
|Horizon Space Dock - Assembly and fuelling of translunar stages and spacecraft for Project Horizon in Equatorial Earth Orbit|
Credit: US Army. 7,917 bytes. 448 x 312 pixels.
An Army task force was formed to develop a plan for establishing a manned lunar outpost by the quickest practical means. The effort was called Project Horizon. The first phase of the project was to make a limited feasibility study, with estimated time and costs. The task force worked under the direction of Maj. Gen. John B. Medaris of the Army Ordnance Missile Command and in full collaboration with the von Braun team. The report was completed on June 8.
|Horizon LLV - Project Horizon Lunar Landing Vehicle|
Credit: US Army. 5,403 bytes. 295 x 501 pixels.
|Horizon ORV - Project Horizon Orbital Return Vehicle|
Credit: US Army. 5,566 bytes. 264 x 457 pixels.
|Horizon Manpower - Project Horizon Personnel Space Transportation Requirements|
Credit: US Army. 6,413 bytes. 563 x 351 pixels.
The Project Horizon Phase I report was completed. In it, a U.S. manned landing on the moon in 1965 was proposed, to be followed in 1966 by an operational lunar outpost. Expenditures would average $667 million a year from Fiscal Year 1960 through Fiscal Year 1968. The guiding philosophy of the report was one of "enlightened conservatism of technical approach." On July 28 the report was presented to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff.
|Horizon Project Plan - Project Horizon Vehicle Requirements and Launching Schedule|
Credit: US Army. 9,459 bytes. 698 x 355 pixels.
|Horizon Comm Links - Project Horizon Earth Complex and Lunar Communication Links|
Credit: US Army. 3,378 bytes. 350 x 248 pixels.
|Horizon Lunar Comms - Project Horizon Typical Tracking and Lunar Communication Site|
Credit: US Army. 3,570 bytes. 424 x 202 pixels.
|Horizon Lunar Net - Project Horizon Lunar Communication Net|
Credit: US Army. 4,323 bytes. 413 x 312 pixels.
|Horizon Launch Site - Project Horizon Terrestrial Launch Site|
Credit: US Army. 11,129 bytes. 434 x 310 pixels.
|Horizon R&D - Project Horizon Organization for Research and Development|
Credit: US Army. 8,471 bytes. 585 x 377 pixels.
|Horizon Main Base - Project Horizon Cross Section Through Main Facility|
Credit: US Army. 5,447 bytes. 534 x 256 pixels.
|Horizon Simulator - Project Horizon View of Flight Simulator - a combined high-G and zero-G sled running down the side of a cliff!|
Credit: US Army. 7,222 bytes. 297 x 390 pixels.