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astronautix.com Zenit-3SL


Family: Tsyklon. Country: Ukraine. Status: Hardware. Library of Congress Designation: J-1e.

From the beginning of the program a Zenit-3 version was proposed for geosynchronous launches using the N1/Proton Block D third stage. This had the potential of replacing the Proton in the role of geosynchronous launcher. It was considered for launch from Australia / Cape York in the 1980's. Finally a joint US-Norwegian-Ukraininan-Russian consortium was formed to launch the three stage commercial Zenit from a floating launch platform in the Pacific Ocean,


Specifications

Launches: 4. Failures: 1. Success Rate: 75.00% pct. First Launch Date: 28 March 1999. Last Launch Date: 28 July 2000. Payload: 5,250 kg. to a: Geosynchronous transfer trajectory. Liftoff Thrust: 740,000 kgf. Total Mass: 471,000 kg. Core Diameter: 3.9 m. Total Length: 59.6 m. Launch Price $: 90.00 million. in 1999 price dollars.


Zenit-3SL Chronology


1999 Mar 28 - - 01:30 GMT. Launch Site: Sea Launch . Launch Complex: Odyssey.
1999 Oct 10 - - 03:28 GMT. Launch Site: Sea Launch . Launch Complex: Odyssey.
2000 Mar 12 - - 14:49 GMT. Launch Site: Sea Launch . Launch Complex: Odyssey. FAILURE: Second stage shut down prematurely due to a valve software command mistake. The satellite fell in the South Pacific, south of Pitcairn Island.
2000 Jul 28 - - 22:42 GMT. Launch Site: Sea Launch . Launch Complex: Odyssey.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .