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astronautix.com YaRD ICBM OKB-456

YaRD ICBM
YaRD ICBM - YaRD Nuclear-powered ICBM

Credit: © Mark Wade. 1,332 bytes. 53 x 298 pixels.



Family: N. Country: Russia. Status: Cancelled 1959.

Single-stage nuclear-powered ICBM designed by OKB-1. This variant used a Glushko nuclear engine heating ammonia as a propellant. Perhaps coming under the heading of 'inadvisable rocket science', test launches would have been into an artificial reservoir in the target area to limit contamination by having the reactor crash into water at the end of its trajectory. While reentering nuclear reactors at the end of the ICBM trajectory may have been not considered on great consequence during global thermonuclear war, the consequences of missing the reservoir during peacetime tests were evidently too gruesome to consider. Further development of the engine was discontinued. Interestingly American spy Penkovskiy reported development of this rocket in 1962, but the story was not believed. Only in 1996 was the program revealed.


Specifications

Payload: 4,000 kg. to a: 14,000 km trajectory. Liftoff Thrust: 128,000 kgf. Total Mass: 84,400 kg. Core Diameter: 3.3 m. Total Length: 25.0 m.


YaRD ICBM OKB-456 Chronology


1958 Jun 30 -

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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