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Family: Redstone. Country: USA. Status: Hardware.

Redstone was the first large liquid rocket developed in the US using German V-2 technology. Originally designated Hermes C1. Redstones later launched the first US satellite and the first American astronaut into space.


Specifications

Launches: 11. Failures: 2. Success Rate: 81.82% pct. First Launch Date: 21 November 1960. Last Launch Date: 29 November 1967. Liftoff Thrust: 37,470 kgf. Total Mass: 28,440 kg. Core Diameter: 1.8 m. Total Length: 21.0 m. Development Cost $: 92.50 million. in 1956 average dollars. Launch Price $: 4.93 million. in 1985 price dollars. Total Development Built: 35. Total Production Built: 85. Flyaway Unit Cost $: 1.99 million. in 1959 unit dollars.


Redstone Chronology


1943 Nov 1 -
1944 Nov 20 -
1946 Jun 1 -
1947 Jan 23 - Launch Site: White Sands .
1948 Sep 15 -
1949 Jun 1 -
1949 Oct 28 -
1950 Jul 10 -
1950 Sep 11 -
1951 Jul 10 -
1951 Oct 31 -
1952 Apr 1 -
1952 Apr 8 -
1952 Oct 1 -
1953 Aug 20 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-1. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4. FAILURE: Control System malfunction followed by Power Plant malfunction at approximately 80 sec. Ground cut-off command given..
- 1954 January - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-2. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4.
- 1954 May - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-3. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4. FAILURE: Ejector burnout immediately following lift-off.
- 1954 August - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-4. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4. FAILURE: Steam generator regulator malfunction caused drop in combustion pressure.
1954 Sep 29 -
- 1954 October - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-6. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4. FAILURE: Ground programmed yaw maneuver caused missile control loss at 80 sec causing power plant erratic behavior. Human error in selection of yaw maneuver impulse.
1954 Dec 31 -
- 1955 February - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-8. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC4. FAILURE: Separation bolt No. 3 failure. Inverter frequency shift.
- 1955 April - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-9. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Guidance system malfunction at 310 sec due to air pressure lose. ST-80 lateral guidance only.
1955 May 23 - Launch Site: Cape Canaveral .
- 1955 May - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-10. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Guidance system malfunction at 155, sec due to wiring error.
1955 Jun 15 -
- 1955 August - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n RS-7. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Excessive temperature in tail section caused malfunction of jet vane control.
1956 Apr 15 -
1956 Apr 23 -
1957 Sep 9 -
1957 Nov 7 -
1958 Mar 27 -
- 1988 May - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1002. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC5.
1958 Jun 1 -
- 1958 June - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1004. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
- 1958 June - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-54. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6.
1958 Jul 31 - - 09:50 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-50. Launch Site: Johnson Island . Launch Complex: LC1. FAILURE: Failure of tilt program device at lift-off causing vertical night flight did not preclude subsequent system operations and successful mission accomplishment.
1958 Aug 11 - - 09:30 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-51. Launch Site: Johnson Island . Launch Complex: LC2. FAILURE: Guidance system malfunction at 70 seconds which did not preclude subsequent system operations and successful mission accomplishment.
- 1958 September - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-56. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Programmed maneuver at re-entry and impact in deep water. Accurate survey not possible. CC-57.
1958 Oct 24 -
1958 Nov 6 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-57. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Boost phase normal. Space phase malfunction.
- 1959 January - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1010. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3. FAILURE: Human error in connecting separation system.
- 1959 February - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-101l. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3. FAILURE: Improper setting of thrust controller and malfunction of tilt program at 17 sec.
1959 Mar 15 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1016. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
- 1959 May - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1013. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3. FAILURE: Known initial laying error of approximately 26 min.
1959 Aug 4 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2004. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC26A. FAILURE: Pre-launch tanking error caused early cut-off by fuel depletion.
- 1959 September - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1018. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
1959 Sep 21 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2003. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC26A. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 380 sec.
1960 Jan 26 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2011. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
1960 Mar 15 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2014. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3?.
1960 Mar 21 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2020. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 373 sec.
1960 Apr 15 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2021. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
1960 Jun 10 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2022. Launch Site: White Sands . Launch Complex: ALA3.
- 1960 July - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1019. Launch Site: White Sands .
1960 Aug 9 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2023. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Erroneously destroyed during boost by range personnel.
1960 Oct 5 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2037. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 375 sec.
1961 Jan 21 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2038. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 370 sec.
1961 Mar 8 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2040. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 374 sec.
1961 May 17 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2042. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6.
1961 Jun 28 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2043. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Complex: LC6. FAILURE: Air vane actuator malfunction at 262 sec.
- 1961 July - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1005. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1961 August - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1009. Launch Site: White Sands . FAILURE: Human error in laying launch azimuth. Drop in inter-compartment pressure suspected.
- 1961 September - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1006. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1961 October - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1012. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1961 December - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1008. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1962 June - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1014. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1962 July - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1017. Launch Site: White Sands .
- 1962 August - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-1007. Launch Site: White Sands .
1963 Aug 5 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2033. Launch Site: White Sands .
1963 Aug 19 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2008. Launch Site: White Sands .
1963 Sep 10 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2015. Launch Site: White Sands . FAILURE: Control system malfunction immediately prior to impact.
1963 Sep 23 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2044. Launch Site: White Sands .
1963 Oct 5 - LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2005. Launch Site: White Sands .
1964 Jun 25 -
1964 Oct 30 -
1964 Dec 1 -
1965 Nov 29 - Launch Site: San Nicholas .
1966 Nov 28 - - 12:15 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone SV-1. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8. FAILURE: Failure.
1966 Dec 13 - - 11:50 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2034/SV-2. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Apr 20 - - 08:00 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone SV-3. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Jul 5 - - 23:07 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2032/SV-4. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Jul 25 - - 16:43 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2009/SV-5. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Aug 18 - - 19:46 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2039/SV-6. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Sep 16 - - 16:17 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2012/SV-7. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Oct 12 - - 16:22 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2030/SV-8. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Oct 31 - - 13:14 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-041/SV-9. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.
1967 Nov 29 - - 04:49 GMT. LV Configuration: Redstone s/n CC-2029/SV-10. Launch Site: Woomera . Launch Complex: LA8.

Bibliography:



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .