This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com

astronautix.com Norma

NORMA Spaceplane
NORMA Spaceplane -

Credit: Mark Lindroos. 9,265 bytes. 161 x 387 pixels.



Family: Winged. Country: Russia. Status: Study 1997.

Semi-reusable vertically launched two-stage-to-orbit vehicle. The flight profile featured a reusable flyback booster launched from a modular launch platform, an expendable second stage with a reusable orbiter that would have landed vertically. Development cost estimated at $13 billion.


Specifications



Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Definitions of Technical Terms.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .