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astronautix.com Martlet 1

Martlet-1
Martlet-1 -

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Family: Gun-launched. Country: Canada. Status: Hardware 1964.

The Martlet One Flight Vehicle was designed in mid-1962 as a first generation test vehicle for the HARP project. The primary role of the Martlet One was to test the fundamental technologies that were to be used in the Martlet Two vehicle. These included the internal ballistics of the 16" L45 smooth-bored gun system, the pusher plate/ laminated plywood sabot system and the ability to receive radio telemetry from a gun launched vehicle in flight.

The main body of the vehicle was intended contain coloured chemicals for release during flight to produce a visible trail. This was to allow the wind and atmospheric conditions to be observed along the flight path. (primarily wind shear at altitudes near apogee). Ground observers were to determine the effect of high altitude winds on the chemical trail. The nose was designed to hold a small one watt radio telemetry transmitter and other electronic instruments.

Only four Martlet Ones were manufactured. Two were flown during the initial test series and the remaining two were retired. The first Martlet One was launched on January 21, 1963. It was launched at an elevation of 80 degrees and flew for 145 seconds. During its flight it rose to an altitude of 26 km and landed 11 km down range. The second Martlet One was launched on February 1, 1963 and flew for 146 seconds. It rose to an altitude of 27 km and landed about 11 km down range. These two flights were sufficient to prove the launch concept. The initial test series also included several wooden test slugs.

The Martlet 1 series was retired in favour of the much improved Martlet 2 family of vehicles. Also, the cost of installation of the gun and the ground support infrastructure left precious little funds for an extensive initial test series.

MARTLET ONE SPECIFICATIONS

by Richard K Graf


Specifications

Launches: 2. Failures: 0. Success Rate: 100.00% pct. First Launch Date: 21 January 1963. Last Launch Date: 01 February 1963. Payload: 205 kg. to a: 27 km altitude suborbital trajectory. Total Mass: 205 kg. Core Diameter: 0.2 m. Total Length: 1.8 m. Launch Price $: 0.00 million. in 1962 price dollars. Total Development Built: 4.


Martlet 1 Chronology


- 1962 June -
- 1963 -
1963 Jan 21 -
1963 Feb 1 -

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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