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astronautix.com Ariane 5


Family: Ariane. Country: France. Status: Hardware.

Completely new design, with a single-engine Lox/LH2 core stage flanked by two solid rocket boosters. Preparatory work began in 1984. Full scale development began in 1988 and cost $ 8 billion. The design was sized for the Hermes manned spaceplane, later cancelled. This resulted in the booster being a bit too large for the main commercial payload, geosynchronous communications satellites. The result was that development of an uprated version capable of launching two such satellites at a time was funded in 2000.


Specifications

Launches: 7. Failures: 1. Success Rate: 85.71% pct. First Launch Date: 04 June 1996. Last Launch Date: 14 September 2000. LEO Payload: 16,000 kg. to: 407 km Orbit. at: 51.6 degrees. Payload: 6,800 kg. to a: Geosynchronous transfer, 7 deg inclination trajectory. Liftoff Thrust: 1,160,000 kgf. Total Mass: 737,000 kg. Core Diameter: 5.4 m. Total Length: 54.0 m. Launch Price $: 180.00 million. in 2000 price dollars.


Ariane 5 Chronology


- 1984 -
- 1988 -
1996 Jun 4 - - 12:34 GMT. LV Configuration: Ariane 5 s/n V88. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3. FAILURE: Vehicle went off course and was destroyed by range safety. Reuse of flight software from Ariane 4 was the cause (faulty program logic that only took effect on Ariane 5 launch trajectory).
1997 Oct 30 - LV Configuration: V101. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.
1998 Oct 21 - - 16:37 GMT. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.
1998 Oct 21 - - 16:37 GMT. LV Configuration: Ariane 5 s/n V112 / 503. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.
1999 Dec 10 - - 14:32 GMT. LV Configuration: Ariane 5 s/n V119/504. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.
2000 Mar 21 - - 23:28 GMT. LV Configuration: Ariane 4 s/n V128. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.
2000 Sep 14 - - 22:54 GMT. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Complex: ELA3.

Bibliography:



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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