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astronautix.com Albatros

Albatros 1 view
Albatros 1 view -

Credit: © Mark Wade. 3,109 bytes. 229 x 510 pixels.



Family: Winged. Country: Russia. Status: Study.

Unique Russian space shuttle design of 1974. Hydrofoil-launched, winged recoverable first and second stages. Hydrofoil would have been propelled to launch speed by the launch vehicles rocket engines, using a 200 tonne fuel store in the hydrofoil. Advantages: launch from the Caspian Sea into a variety of orbital inclinations, variations in launch track possible to meet range safety requirements. Proposal of Alexeyev/Sukhoi OKBs.


Specifications

LEO Payload: 30,000 kg. to: 220 km Orbit. Liftoff Thrust: 740,660 kgf. Total Mass: 320,000 kg. Core Diameter: 7.0 m. Total Length: 109.0 m.



Bibliography:



Albatros 3 viewAlbatros 3 view

Credit: © Mark Wade. 6,199 bytes. 786 x 542 pixels.



Albatros ShuttleAlbatros Shuttle

Credit: © Mark Wade. 6,199 bytes. 786 x 542 pixels.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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