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astronautix.com Graphics Index Volume 150

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UR-200 forward Location: Orevo. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur200fwd.jpg. Image width: 576 pixels. Image height: 395 pixels. Image size: 49,104 bytes.
UR-200 UR-200 based on launch photo
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur200tt.gif. Image width: 44 pixels. Image height: 336 pixels. Image size: 1,146 bytes.
UR-500 First Concept Drawing of the original design concept for the UR-500 heavy ICBM/space launcher. This consisted of a cluster of four UR-200 ICBM's, with a modified UR-200 second stage as the final stage. Dynamic tests were conducted of a model of this configuration, but it was abandoned by Chelomei due to poor payload performance. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500100.jpg. Image width: 73 pixels. Image height: 455 pixels. Image size: 6,544 bytes.
Proton UR-500 Proton two stage configuration as flown in the first four launches. This version had a shorter second stage than the UR-500K that followed and only 40% of the payload.
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur5002st.jpg. Image width: 72 pixels. Image height: 322 pixels. Image size: 6,068 bytes.
Proton UR-500 Model of the Proton UR-500 two stage configuration as first flown.
Location: Baikonur Museum, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500ba1.jpg. Image width: 91 pixels. Image height: 454 pixels. Image size: 7,160 bytes.
Proton UR-500 The very first Proton UR-500 is enclosed by its launch gantry.
Location: Baikonur Museum, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500ba2.jpg. Image width: 315 pixels. Image height: 451 pixels. Image size: 22,778 bytes.
UR-500 ICBM UR-500 ICBM version - cutaway drawing showing arrangement of N2O4 oxidiser tanks (green) and UDMH fuel tanks (orange). The UR-500 was designed so that its components could be rail-transported and field assembled in siloes. Even Khrushchev considered the monster missile and its 100 MT warhead unaffordable - after he was deposed, the ICBM project was cancelled. The original third stage configuration with toroidal tanks was never flown. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500icb.jpg. Image width: 60 pixels. Image height: 322 pixels. Image size: 5,663 bytes.
UR-500 First Design Initial design of the UR-500 Global Rocket was a straightforward cluster of UR-200 ICBM's. This was soon abandoned in favor of a more efficient design.
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500ini.jpg. Image width: 61 pixels. Image height: 437 pixels. Image size: 7,676 bytes.
Proton UR-500K Cutaway drawing of the Proton UR-500K with Block D upper stage as developed for the Soviet manned circumlunar program. The same basic launch vehicle would eventually be Russia's most commercially successful launch vehicle.
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500kbd.jpg. Image width: 66 pixels. Image height: 455 pixels. Image size: 7,679 bytes.
Proton 8K82K / 11S86 Proton 8K82K / 11S86 Block DM launch vehicle - cutaway drawing showing arrangement of N2O4 oxidiser tanks (green) and UDMH fuel tanks (orange) in Proton, and Liquid oxygen (blue) and kerosene (pink) tanks in the Block DM stage. Block DM guidance package is housed in the light brown compartment above the LOX tank. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500kdm.jpg. Image width: 60 pixels. Image height: 430 pixels. Image size: 6,988 bytes.
Proton 8K82K/11S824 Proton 8K82K / 11S824 Block D launch vehicle - cutaway drawing showing arrangement of N2O4 oxidiser tanks (green) and UDMH fuel tanks (orange) in Proton, and Liquid oxygen (blue) and kerosene (pink) tanks in the Block D stage. The Soyuz 7K-L1 spacecraft was mounted directly above the Block D liquid oxygen tank. For the Soyuz circumlunar flights a launch escape tower was fitted that pulled the capsule away in an emergency. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500kl1.jpg. Image width: 60 pixels. Image height: 469 pixels. Image size: 7,453 bytes.
Proton 8K82K Proton 8K82K launch vehicle in its original form, with Chelomei's manned LK-1 circumlunar spacecraft as the payload.
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500klk.jpg. Image width: 60 pixels. Image height: 424 pixels. Image size: 6,794 bytes.
Proton w/ LK Proton 8K82K Block D launch vehicle with Soyuz 7K-L1 manned circumlunar spacecraft.
File Name: ur500l1.jpg. Image width: 316 pixels. Image height: 342 pixels. Image size: 27,409 bytes.
UR-500 Monoblock UR-500 conventional 'monoblock' configuration studied at the beginning of the program. This design was slightly lighter than the selected 'polyblock' configuration but had disadvantages in the missile role: difficult ground handling and payload access.
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500mon.jpg. Image width: 48 pixels. Image height: 414 pixels. Image size: 6,880 bytes.
UR-500 Polyblock The original selected UR-500 'polyblock' configuration. This had the advantage of a much shorter vehicle than the conventional design, with a slight but acceptable weight penatly. The original vehicle would use four large fixed Glushko RD-253 motors surrounded by four smaller gimballed UR-200 motors. During development this was abandoned in favor of six Glushko motors, making for an even simpler and more compact vehicle. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500pol.jpg. Image width: 57 pixels. Image height: 347 pixels. Image size: 7,181 bytes.
Proton 8K82 Proton 8K82 as flown in the first four Proton launches. This version had the shorter second stage of the GR-2 ICBM version, but lacked the cancelled UR-500 third stage. Payload with just two stages was hardly better than the much smaller Soyuz 11A511 launch vehicle. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur500pr1.jpg. Image width: 60 pixels. Image height: 305 pixels. Image size: 4,997 bytes.
UR-700 LV Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur700.gif. Image width: 138 pixels. Image height: 450 pixels. Image size: 2,606 bytes.
UR-700 3 view Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur7003v.gif. Image width: 289 pixels. Image height: 450 pixels. Image size: 4,488 bytes.
UR-700 UR-700 Launch Vehicle for Direct Lunar Landing Mission
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur70068.jpg. Image width: 128 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 14,338 bytes.
UR-700 Cutaway UR-700 lunar landing launch vehicle - From left: cutaway and bottom views; cutaway of core vehicle after six external stage one modules and shrouds were jettisoned; external view. The cutaway shows the arrangement of N2O4 oxidiser tanks (green) and UDMH fuel tanks (orange). The six outer 4.1 m diameter modules contained fuel and oxidizer tanks for stage 1 and fuel or oxidiser tanks for the three core modules. After propellant depletion, the six outer modules would separate, leaving the three core modules to continue their burn. The third stage, based on the Proton first stage, placed the LK-700 spacecraft into a 200 km earth orbit. The LK-700 was equipped with four nearly identical clustered stages and a lunar landing/ascent stage. The three outer stages fired to place the spacecraft on a translunar trajectory. The inner core stage was used for midcourse corrections, braked the spacecraft into lunar orbit, and then again until it was just above the lunar surface. The ascent stage performed the final soft landing on the moon and then, using the landing legs as a launch platform, launched the LK-700 capsule back towards the earth. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur700all.jpg. Image width: 471 pixels. Image height: 600 pixels. Image size: 38,472 bytes.
UR-700 UR-700 lunar landing launch vehicle - cutaway showing arrangement of N2O4 oxidiser tanks (green) and UDMH fuel tanks (orange). The outer nine 4.1 m diameter modules contained fuel and oxidizer tanks for stage 1 and fuel tanks for the three core modules. After propellant depletion, the nine outer modules would separate, leaving the three core modules to continue their burn. The third stage, based on the Proton first stage, placed the LK-700 spacecraft into a 200 km earth orbit. The LK-700 was equipped with four nearly identical clustered stages. The three outer stages fired to place the spacecraft on a translunar trajectory. The inner core stage was used for midcourse corrections, braked the spacecraft into lunar orbit, and then again until it was just above the lunar surface. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur700cut.jpg. Image width: 114 pixels. Image height: 459 pixels. Image size: 11,990 bytes.
UR-700M Credit: Mark Wade. File Name: ur700m.jpg. Image width: 73 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 6,911 bytes.
UR-700 Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur700new.gif. Image width: 122 pixels. Image height: 506 pixels. Image size: 2,907 bytes.
UR-700 Profile UR-700 Launch Profile. At liftoff, nine engines - six on the six outer stage 1 modules, and three on the three core modules - fired. During the stage 1 burn, the three engines of the core modules were fed by propellants in forward tanks of the outer six modules. Therefore the Stage 2 core burn started with full tanks in the core modules. Stage 3, a modification of the Proton first stage, placed the 151 tonne LK-700 spacecraft into a 200 km earth parking orbit. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: ur700pro.jpg. Image width: 582 pixels. Image height: 271 pixels. Image size: 28,559 bytes.
UR-900 Credit: Mark Wade. File Name: ur900.jpg. Image width: 120 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 8,984 bytes.
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