This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com

astronautix.com Graphics Index Volume 138

Previous VolumeNext Volume
Freedom Phase 2 Space Station Freedom Phase Two Growth. The expanded "Dual Keel" Space Station "Freedom" made a final comeback in 1989 when President Bush proposed a Moonbase by 2001-2005 and missions to Mars by 2018.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss87iix.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 445 pixels. Image size: 68,849 bytes.
Dual Keel Modules Dual Keel Space Station Crew Module. This Boeing illustration shows the longer 13.3-meter module introduced in early 1986.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss88iba.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 376 pixels. Image size: 52,728 bytes.
Freedom 1988 Space Station Freedom Baseline. Originally, Space Station "Freedom" would only have carried two 37.5KW solar arrays during Phase One. However, Congress quickly insisted on adding two more arrays to generate sufficient power for scientific users.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss88ms.jpg. Image width: 568 pixels. Image height: 472 pixels. Image size: 45,568 bytes.
Power Tower Station McDonnell-Douglas crew module mockup from 1984-85. The contractors paid considerable attention to habitability issues since each crew would live and work on the Space Station for 90 days before returning to Earth.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss8ximd.jpg. Image width: 633 pixels. Image height: 471 pixels. Image size: 39,658 bytes.
Power Tower Station Rockwell's crew module proposal put all the equipment inside storage racks in the middle of the module rather than on the walls.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss8xir.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 479 pixels. Image size: 33,297 bytes.
1993 ISS Cost 1993 International Space Station - ISS Plan. Despite its additional capabilities, the International Space Station's Fiscal 1994-2000 budget was actually lower than for any of the other redesigns. However, the International Space Station assembly sequence will now require another five years beyond the original completion date. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss93cost.gif. Image width: 597 pixels. Image height: 418 pixels. Image size: 17,907 bytes.
1993 ISS Diagram Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss93diag.gif. Image width: 385 pixels. Image height: 320 pixels. Image size: 5,251 bytes.
1995 ISS Diagram 1995 International Space Station - ISS Plan.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss94diag.gif. Image width: 559 pixels. Image height: 397 pixels. Image size: 12,745 bytes.
ISS 1993 1993 International Space Station
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssa93.jpg. Image width: 545 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 67,695 bytes.
Dual Keel Station/85 Dual Keel Space Station - 1986-87
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssassy85.gif. Image width: 635 pixels. Image height: 423 pixels. Image size: 14,687 bytes.
1987 Freedom Assy 1987: Space Station Freedom Assembly.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssassy87.gif. Image width: 559 pixels. Image height: 270 pixels. Image size: 7,145 bytes.
1991 Fred Assembly 1991 Fred Space Station Redesign.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssassy91.gif. Image width: 395 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 21,420 bytes.
SSBN at sea Credit: Lockheed-Martin. File Name: ssbn.jpg. Image width: 403 pixels. Image height: 299 pixels. Image size: 25,546 bytes.
ESA Station 1990 Alternate ESA Space Station Concept - BAe,1990.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssesa90.jpg. Image width: 641 pixels. Image height: 341 pixels. Image size: 44,258 bytes.
1984 Station Concept Early 1980S Space Station Studies (Convair). This General Dynamics/Convair space station concept was intended as a "spacedock" for assembling and servicing large spacecraft in low Earth orbit.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf84c.jpg. Image width: 633 pixels. Image height: 465 pixels. Image size: 46,360 bytes.
Freedom 1987 Space Station Freedom Baseline. The 1987 baseline configuration. Scientists disliked its reduced capabilities, e.g. the number of attached payloads had been reduced to two from the "Dual Keel's" five berths.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf87ill.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 55,365 bytes.
Freedom 1987 Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf87rr.jpg. Image width: 637 pixels. Image height: 328 pixels. Image size: 38,729 bytes.
Spacedock 1988 Space Station Spacedock. This 1988 illustration depicts a large "Drive-thru" spacedock facility for assembly and checkout of manned lunar spacecraft.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf88.jpg. Image width: 578 pixels. Image height: 475 pixels. Image size: 40,581 bytes.
Freedom Crew Modules Space Station Freedom Crew Modules. Boeing's winning proposal for the $750-milllion crew module Phase C/D contract.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf88i1.jpg. Image width: 579 pixels. Image height: 450 pixels. Image size: 54,614 bytes.
Freedom Crew Modules Space Station Freedom Crew Modules. This photograph shows the interior of one of the four connecting node airlocks.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf88ip.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 400 pixels. Image size: 55,811 bytes.
Freedom 1987 1987: Space Station Freedom. The new Space Station configuration was named "Freedom" by Reagan in June 1988.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf89.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 376 pixels. Image size: 34,312 bytes.
Freedom 1989 1988-90: Problems For Space Station Freedom.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf89p1.jpg. Image width: 634 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 50,582 bytes.
Freedom 1990 Space Station Freedom Baseline.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf90p1.jpg. Image width: 635 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 60,606 bytes.
Fred Station 1991 1991 Fred Space Station Redesign. The Space Station assembly sequence was greatly simplified by switching to shorter,prefabricated truss segments that required no assembly in space.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf9111.jpg. Image width: 435 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 45,111 bytes.
Fred Station 1991 1991 Fred Space Station Redesign.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ssf9112.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 473 pixels. Image size: 49,067 bytes.
Previous VolumeNext Volume

Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .