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astronautix.com Graphics Index Volume 136

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Space Station - NAR Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss6nar.jpg. Image width: 568 pixels. Image height: 467 pixels. Image size: 38,046 bytes.
Space Station Space Station for 7 crew, 56 days
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss7x56.jpg. Image width: 641 pixels. Image height: 512 pixels. Image size: 49,100 bytes.
Space Station - 1982 Early 1980s Space Station Study (Rockwell). Large space station proposal by Rockwell. Note satellite servicing facility with extended robotic arms (center). Unmanned space platform (right) is visible in background.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss8212.jpg. Image width: 549 pixels. Image height: 436 pixels. Image size: 58,554 bytes.
Space Station - 1982 Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss8232.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 41,770 bytes.
Space Station - 1982 Early 1980S Space Station Studies (Martin Marietta). This Martin Marietta space station design was developed during the company's $1-million contract in 1982-83.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss82mma.jpg. Image width: 320 pixels. Image height: 280 pixels. Image size: 29,067 bytes.
Power Tower Station Power Tower Space Station - 1984. The "Power Tower" assembly schedule would have required 12 Shuttle flights over a three-year period, starting in April 1992.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84assy.gif. Image width: 623 pixels. Image height: 420 pixels. Image size: 15,515 bytes.
Station Options-1984 Space Station Power Options, 1984. Solar thermodynamic generators use huge parabolic dishes to heat a fluid, which then powers electric generators. They are more efficient than traditional photovoltaic solar panels, have a longer lifetime and generate less atmospheric drag. But they must also be pointed to within 1.5 degrees of the Sun to generate electricity, and the concept had never been tried before. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84bcg.jpg. Image width: 618 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 47,355 bytes.
Big T Station - 1984 1984 Space Station Options - Big T Station, 1984
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84bgtd.gif. Image width: 511 pixels. Image height: 425 pixels. Image size: 6,000 bytes.
Big T Station - 1984 1984 Space Station Options - Big T Station, 1984. The "Big T" was a gravity gradient-stabilized design consisting of pressurized crew modules mated to a T-shaped solar array structure. This "Final Four" design was rejected in favor of the "Power Tower" in June 1984. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84bigt.jpg. Image width: 511 pixels. Image height: 425 pixels. Image size: 46,281 bytes.
Delta Station - 1984 1984 Space Station Options - Delta Station. The "Delta" design could later have evolved into a major orbital spaceport since the triangular structure provided a natural service hangar. This was one of the rejected "Final Four" designs.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84d2.jpg. Image width: 495 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 52,196 bytes.
Power Tower Station Power Tower Space Station - 1984. The "Power Tower" station's main structure was to be 122 meters tall with 75KW solar panels sticking 41 meters to either side of the centerline. There were nine articulated attachments for external payloads dedicated to Earth and space observation. The initial Station featured two US-developed laboratory modules plus two habitation modules. International modules had not yet been incorporated in the design. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84diag.gif. Image width: 596 pixels. Image height: 471 pixels. Image size: 23,717 bytes.
Delta Station - 1984 1984 Space Station Options - Delta Station. The "Delta" design consisted of a large triangular truss structure with solar panels mounted on top and pressurized crew modules at the bottom of the structure. It would have required a considerable amount of in-orbit assembly. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84dlt1.jpg. Image width: 591 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 62,431 bytes.
Delta Station - 1984 1984 Space Station Options - Delta Station.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84dlta.gif. Image width: 569 pixels. Image height: 360 pixels. Image size: 7,795 bytes.
Power Tower Station Power Tower Space Station Contractor Studies. "Power Tower" Space Station design by General Dynamics/Convair.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84gd97.jpg. Image width: 322 pixels. Image height: 200 pixels. Image size: 12,364 bytes.
Station Geometries 1984 Space Station Geometry Options. In March 1984, the Station Concept Development Group reduced the list to four concepts -- the "CDG 1 planar-array", "streamline T", "triangular delta-truss", and "power tower". A fifth, the "spinning array", was retained as a candidate for a space resource module. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84grp6.gif. Image width: 617 pixels. Image height: 460 pixels. Image size: 10,208 bytes.
1984 Station Options These eight concepts were identified as most promising by NASA's Station Concept Development Group after the results of the 1982 contractor studies had been analyzed.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84grp8.gif. Image width: 400 pixels. Image height: 321 pixels. Image size: 4,237 bytes.
IMC Station-1984 This McDonnell-Douglas illustration shows a "Power Tower" Space Station crew module. The original modules were 10.7 meters long with docking ports in both ends. They would have been assembled end-to-end in a racetrack-like configuration. Some engineers felt this could have created dangerous dead-ends inside the Station if a module had to be depressurized. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84imc.jpg. Image width: 636 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 73,500 bytes.
JSC Station-1984 1984 Space Station Options. The Johnson Space Center's "Racetrack" configuration appears to be loosely based on the earlier Space Operations Center concept.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84jsc.jpg. Image width: 628 pixels. Image height: 476 pixels. Image size: 52,683 bytes.
JSC Station-1984 1984 Space Station Options. NASA/JSC "Racetrack" growth configuration with space tug hangar & satellite servicing facilities. This concept was abandoned fairly early, however.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84jsc2.jpg. Image width: 602 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 50,834 bytes.
LRC Station-1984 1984: Reagan Approves The. The Space Station looked like this in January 1984 when Reagan approved the program. The concept shown here was developed by the Space Station Task Force's Concept Definition Team.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84lrc1.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 338 pixels. Image size: 40,529 bytes.
OMV Missions Orbital Manoeuvring Vehicle Missions. In this 1984 illustration, the Hubble Space Telescope is being serviced at the Space Station while the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle is hovering in the background.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84omv9.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 384 pixels. Image size: 55,687 bytes.
Station Predecessors Space Station Mission Plan - 1984.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84pln0.jpg. Image width: 601 pixels. Image height: 480 pixels. Image size: 54,490 bytes.
Station Plan-1990-95 Space Station Mission Plan - 1984. Under the 1984 plan, the Space Station would be launched in 1991-92.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84pln1.jpg. Image width: 397 pixels. Image height: 309 pixels. Image size: 19,712 bytes.
Station Plan-1995-99 Space Station Mission Plan - 1984. During the growth phase -- which had not yet been approved -- NASA expected to spend an additional $16 billion by 2002 to add a space tug for missions to geostationary orbit and the Moon.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84pln2.jpg. Image width: 395 pixels. Image height: 321 pixels. Image size: 19,692 bytes.
Station Plan - 2000+ Space Station Mission Plan - 1984. After 2000, the Space Station would evolve into a space harbor in low Earth orbit for lunar and planetary missions as well as commercial exploitation of space resources.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: ss84pln3.jpg. Image width: 401 pixels. Image height: 312 pixels. Image size: 19,774 bytes.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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