Manned seven crew. Carried Spacelab-J with microgravity and biology experiments. Payloads: Spacelab-J, nine getaway special canister experiments, Israel Space Agency Investigation About Hornets (ISAIAH), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II, Solid Surface Combus-tion Experiment (SSCE).
Orbits of Earth: 127. Distance traveled: 5,328,412 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 110,863 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 99,483 kg. Payload to Orbit: 12,772 kg. Payload Returned: 12,772 kg. Landed at: Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 391 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 749 m. Landing Rollout: 2,611 m.
Mission Name: STS-47 (50)
Pad 39-B (21)
50th Shuttle Mission
2nd Flight of OV-105
KSC Landing (12)
Robert L. Gibson (4), Commander
Curtis L. Brown (1), Jr, Pilot
Mark C. Lee (2), Payload Commander
N. Jan Davis (2), Mission Specialist
Jay Apt (2), Mission Specialist
Mae C. Jemison (1), Mission Specialist
Mamoru Mohri (1), Payload Specialist
OPF-3 - 5/31/92
VAB - 8/17/92
PAD - 8/25/92
Sept. 12, 1992, 10:23:00.0680 a.m. EDT. (First on-time Shuttle launch since STS-6lB in November l985). Launch Weight: 258,679 lbs.
Inclination: 57.0 degrees
Duration: 7 days, 22 hours, 30 minutes, 23 seconds.
Distance: 3,271,844 miles
ET : 49/LWT-42
MLP : 2
Sept. 20, 1992, 8:53:24 a.m. EDT, Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center, FL. Rollout distance: 8,567 feet. Mission extended one day for extended scientific experimentation. Landing Weight: 218,854 lbs.
Spacelab-J -- a joint NASA and National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) mission utilizing a manned Spacelab module -- conducted microgravity investigations in materials and life sciences. The international crew, consisting of the first Japanese astronaut to fly aboard the Shuttle, the first African-American woman to fly in space and the first married couple to fly on the same space mission, was divided into red and blue teams for around the clock operations. Spacelab-J included 24 materials science and 2O life sciences experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA and two collaborative efforts.
Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs.
Twelve Get Away Special (GAS) canisters (10 with experiments, 2 with ballast) were carried in the payload bay. Middeck experiments were: Israeli Space Agency Investigation About Hornets (ISAIAH), Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX II), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), and Ultraviolet Plume Imager (UVPI). References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 , 7 .