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astronautix.com Zenit-4MKT

Fram
Fram -

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Article Number: 11F635. Code Name: Fram. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: TsKB.

Adaptation of recoverable Vostok spacecraft for reconaissance/remote sensing. Decrees of 21 December 1972 started work on this replacement to the Meteor-Priroda system. The project was managed by the State Centre Priroda of the Main Directorate of Geodesy and Cartography of he Soviet Ministers. Kozlov was the General Designer. The Zenit-4MKT / Fram spacecraft was equipped with the Priroda-3 camera, which took multi-spectral photographs on black and white and spectro-zonal film. The camera was built by the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Factory of the Ministry of Defence. Head of the project government commission was Yu P Kienkoof. Film resolution was 20-30 m black and white, 30 to 50 m multispectral. Swath width 180 km; total area of 17 square million km covered per mission. Typical orbital profile: inclination 81.3 degrees, 220-262 km altitude; inclination 82.3 degrees, 215-252 km altitude. Transmission frequencies observed in West: 19.989 FSK; 39.978 FSK; 232.0 PPM-AM.


Specification

Design Life: 13 days. Total Mass: 6,100 kg. Total spacecraft delta v: 42 m/s.


Zenit-4MKT Chronology


21 December 1972 Zenit-4MKT authorised

Decree of 21 December 1972 started work on this replacement to the Meteor-Priroda system. The spacecraft was an adaptation of the recoverable Zenit/Vostok spacecraft for remote sensing.


25 September 1975 Cosmos 771 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 219 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


21 May 1976 Cosmos 820 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 217 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


04 October 1976 Zenit-4MKT no. 3 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Launch vehicle destroyed at T+95 seconds. Mass: 6,300 kg.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


26 May 1977 Cosmos 912 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 225 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


02 September 1977 Cosmos 948 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 235 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


23 May 1978 Cosmos 1010 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 230 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


03 October 1978 Cosmos 1033 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 212 km. Apogee: 231 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


17 May 1979 Cosmos 1099 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 215 km. Apogee: 247 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


08 June 1979 Cosmos 1105 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 212 km. Apogee: 254 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


22 June 1979 Cosmos 1108 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 214 km. Apogee: 245 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


13 July 1979 Cosmos 1115 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 235 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


21 August 1979 Cosmos 1123 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 211 km. Apogee: 236 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


23 May 1980 Cosmos 1182 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 211 km. Apogee: 251 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


15 July 1980 Cosmos 1201 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 213 km. Apogee: 243 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


22 August 1980 Cosmos 1207 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 211 km. Apogee: 256 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


26 September 1980 Cosmos 1212 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 244 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


22 May 1981 Cosmos 1273 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 258 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


16 June 1981 Cosmos 1276 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 211 km. Apogee: 233 km. Inclination: 82.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


09 October 1981 Cosmos 1314 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 223 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


23 April 1982 Cosmos 1353 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 207 km. Apogee: 238 km. Inclination: 82.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


13 July 1982 Cosmos 1387 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 201 km. Apogee: 229 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


08 September 1982 Cosmos 1406 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 227 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


28 April 1983 Cosmos 1458 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 243 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


03 September 1983 Cosmos 1495 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 221 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


22 May 1984 Cosmos 1557 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 245 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


13 September 1984 Cosmos 1597 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 241 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


06 September 1985 Cosmos 1681 Program: Resurs. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 225 km. Inclination: 82.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.



Bibliography:



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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