This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com

astronautix.com Zenit-2M

Exploded view-Zenit
Exploded view-Zenit - Exploded View of Typical Components of a Zenit-class reconnaisance satellite:. 1 - Power module; 2 - Solar panels; 3 - SA re-entry capsule, which returns film and camera to earth; 4 - Command radio antenna; 5 - Cold gas tanks of the pressurisation/thermal control system; 6 - Radar altimeter; 7 - Equipment module; 8 - Orientation system engine; 9 - Solid rocket motor deorbit engine; 10 - Thermoregulation system radiators; 11 - Equipment frame; 12 - Infrared horizon scanner; 13 - Electrical system umbilical; 14 - Mayak system antennae

19,914 bytes. 439 x 256 pixels.



Article Number: 11F690. Code Name: Gektor. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: TsKB.

Planning began in mid-1967 for military systems to enter service through 1975. These included this improved area survey model of the Zenit-2 reconnaissance satellite, accepted into service in 1970. The special reconnaissance system Ftor-2 of the Zenit-2 was replaced by the more capable system Ftor-2R3. Typical orbital profile: inclination 65 degrees, 204-288 km alt; inclination 62.8 degrees, 200-294 km alt; inclination 51.8 degrees, 202-256 km alt; inclination 71.3 degrees, 205-316 km alt; inclination 72.8 degrees, 203-312 km alt; inclination 81.3 degrees, 210-232 km alt. Designed duration: 12 days. Transmission frequencies observed in West: 19.995 PDM; 66.2 (Tral).


Specification

Total Mass: 6,300 kg.


Zenit-2M Chronology


18 June 1964 USSR five-year military space plan issued.

Ministry of Defence Decree 'On military space programs for 1964-69, including the R spaceplane' was issued. The decree was issued by Defence Ministry Marshal Rodiono Yakovlevich Malinovksiy. Included in this plan were new versions of the automatic Zenit, More-1 (US series) spacecraft, the Spiral spaceplane, the Soyuz-R manned combat spacecraft, and others. Chelomei's Raketoplan spaceplane was cancelled.


21 March 1968 Cosmos 208 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 287 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed high energy gamma ray experiment capsule. First flight of modernised Zenit-2 area survey reconnaissance satellite.


21 June 1968 Cosmos 228 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 245 km. Inclination: 51.6 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed cosmic ray experiment capsule.


25 September 1968 Cosmos 243 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 213 km. Apogee: 293 km. Inclination: 71.3 deg. Duration: 9.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed passive microwave radio telescope capsule.


16 August 1969 Cosmos 293 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 215 km. Apogee: 244 km. Inclination: 51.7 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; carried science package.


24 October 1969 Cosmos 306 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 215 km. Apogee: 299 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


03 December 1969 Cosmos 313 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 198 km. Apogee: 335 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


09 January 1970 Cosmos 318 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 379 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


03 April 1970 Cosmos 329 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 198 km. Apogee: 228 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


26 June 1970 Cosmos 350 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 180 km. Apogee: 274 km. Inclination: 51.7 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


09 July 1970 Cosmos 353 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 304 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


17 September 1970 Cosmos 363 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 207 km. Apogee: 294 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


01 October 1970 Cosmos 366 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 284 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


08 October 1970 Cosmos 368 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 383 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 6.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed capsule. Biological investigations and study of the physical characteristics of outer space.


11 November 1970 Cosmos 377 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 286 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


10 December 1970 Cosmos 384 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 292 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed science capsule.


21 January 1971 Cosmos 392 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 278 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


05 March 1971 Zenit-2M Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite.


02 April 1971 Cosmos 403 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 229 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


06 May 1971 Cosmos 410 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 280 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed science capsule.


24 June 1971 Cosmos 428 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 257 km. Inclination: 51.7 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed electron and gamma ray science capsule.


30 July 1971 Cosmos 431 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 165 km. Apogee: 284 km. Inclination: 51.7 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


21 September 1971 Cosmos 439 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 226 km. Apogee: 263 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 11.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


07 October 1971 Cosmos 443 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 300 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed science capsule.


03 December 1971 Zenit-2M Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite.


03 February 1972 Cosmos 473 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 309 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


04 March 1972 Cosmos 477 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 306 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated particle flux and radiation experiment capsule.


06 April 1972 Cosmos 484 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 194 km. Apogee: 223 km. Inclination: 81.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated cosmic ray experiment capsule.


17 May 1972 Cosmos 490 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 285 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated electron flux cosmic ray experiment capsule.


21 June 1972 Cosmos 493 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 267 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


28 July 1972 Cosmos 512 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 273 km. Inclination: 65.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


30 August 1972 Cosmos 517 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 285 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


15 September 1972 Cosmos 518 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 306 km. Inclination: 72.8 deg. Duration: 9.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


18 October 1972 Cosmos 525 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 207 km. Apogee: 268 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 11.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 16KS No 161 / 1L which tested Kondor control system for Yantar satellite.


25 November 1972 Cosmos 537 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 303 km. Inclination: 64.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


01 February 1973 Cosmos 547 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 309 km. Inclination: 64.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


22 March 1973 Cosmos 552 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 308 km. Inclination: 72.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 16KS No 162 / 2L which tested Kondor control system for Yantar satellite.


25 April 1973 Cosmos 555 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 230 km. Inclination: 81.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


25 May 1973 Cosmos 561 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 295 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated gamma ray telescope experiment capsule.


21 June 1973 Cosmos 575 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 271 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule.


01 August 1973 Cosmos 578 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 200 km. Apogee: 292 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


30 August 1973 Cosmos 583 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 298 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule.


03 October 1973 Cosmos 596 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 287 km. Inclination: 65.4 deg. Duration: 6.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. First test of small film return capsules planned for Yantar spacecraft. SpK capsule FEU-170 No. 1L experienced an electrical short circuit, which led to failure to separate the shell of the capsule after reentry, preventing parachute deployment. The capsule crashed into the ground.


15 October 1973 Cosmos 599 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 280 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


24 January 1974 Cosmos 629 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 197 km. Apogee: 289 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. First successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 1702 / 2L successfully recovered.


14 March 1974 Cosmos 635 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 322 km. Inclination: 72.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 17KS M15000-171 / 1L which tested astro-visir and radio altimeter systems for Yantar.


11 April 1974 Cosmos 640 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 201 km. Apogee: 225 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule (?).


15 May 1974 Cosmos 653 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 192 km. Apogee: 287 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


06 June 1974 Cosmos 658 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 286 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


26 July 1974 Cosmos 669 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 207 km. Apogee: 229 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


30 August 1974 Zenit-2M Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite.


20 September 1974 Cosmos 685 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 281 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


01 November 1974 Cosmos 692 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 197 km. Apogee: 295 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. Second successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170 No. 4L successfully recovered.


27 November 1974 Cosmos 696 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 321 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


17 January 1975 Cosmos 702 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 313 km. Inclination: 71.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


26 March 1975 Cosmos 721 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 228 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


18 April 1975 Cosmos 728 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 311 km. Inclination: 72.8 deg. Duration: 11.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


21 May 1975 Cosmos 731 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 296 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


30 May 1975 Cosmos 741 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 210 km. Apogee: 231 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Zenit-2M (area survey photo reconnaissance) satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


27 June 1975 Cosmos 747 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 280 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


23 July 1975 Cosmos 751 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 197 km. Apogee: 313 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


23 September 1975 Cosmos 769 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 307 km. Inclination: 72.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. Third successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 5L successfully recovered.


17 October 1975 Cosmos 776 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 200 km. Apogee: 288 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


21 November 1975 Cosmos 780 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 201 km. Apogee: 278 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


03 December 1975 Cosmos 784 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 215 km. Apogee: 231 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


29 January 1976 Cosmos 799 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 306 km. Inclination: 71.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


18 March 1976 Cosmos 809 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 300 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


09 April 1976 Cosmos 813 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 236 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


21 May 1976 Cosmos 819 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 207 km. Apogee: 293 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg. Duration: 11.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


24 June 1976 Cosmos 834 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 237 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


14 July 1976 Cosmos 840 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 319 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


12 August 1976 Cosmos 848 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 303 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


22 September 1976 Cosmos 856 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 300 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


01 November 1976 Cosmos 865 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 326 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


09 December 1976 Cosmos 879 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 213 km. Apogee: 225 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


20 January 1977 Cosmos 889 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 329 km. Inclination: 71.4 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


17 March 1977 Cosmos 898 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 230 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


20 April 1977 Cosmos 904 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 328 km. Inclination: 71.4 deg. Duration: 14.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


31 May 1977 Cosmos 914 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 284 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


30 June 1977 Cosmos 922 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 221 km. Apogee: 283 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


29 July 1977 Cosmos 935 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 251 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


27 August 1977 Cosmos 947 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 321 km. Inclination: 72.9 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


13 September 1977 Cosmos 950 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 282 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 14.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


12 December 1977 Cosmos 966 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 204 km. Apogee: 296 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 12.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


27 December 1977 Cosmos 973 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 325 km. Inclination: 71.5 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


13 January 1978 Cosmos 984 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 206 km. Apogee: 291 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


04 March 1978 Cosmos 992 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 323 km. Inclination: 71.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


17 March 1978 Cosmos 995 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 209 km. Apogee: 227 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


06 April 1978 Cosmos 1002 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 283 km. Inclination: 65.1 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


05 May 1978 Cosmos 1004 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 290 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule.


25 May 1978 Cosmos 1012 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 265 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


19 September 1978 Cosmos 1032 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 215 km. Apogee: 226 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule.


17 October 1978 Cosmos 1044 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,000 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 295 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


08 December 1978 Cosmos 1060 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 291 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


14 December 1978 Cosmos 1061 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 203 km. Apogee: 310 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed capsule.


11 January 1979 Cosmos 1070 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 205 km. Apogee: 293 km. Inclination: 62.8 deg. Duration: 9.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


16 February 1979 Zenit-2M Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Failure.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite.


31 March 1979 Cosmos 1090 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 217 km. Apogee: 320 km. Inclination: 72.8 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.


25 May 1979 Cosmos 1102 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 212 km. Apogee: 260 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Nauka subsatellite 32KS jettisoned into independent orbit in the course of the mission. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


12 June 1979 Cosmos 1106 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 216 km. Apogee: 237 km. Inclination: 81.4 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


27 July 1979 Cosmos 1118 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 210 km. Apogee: 237 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


17 August 1979 Cosmos 1122 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. Mass: 6,300 kg. Perigee: 208 km. Apogee: 227 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg. Duration: 13.00 days.

Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Nauka subsatellite 31KS jettisoned into independent orbit in the course of the mission. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.



Bibliography:



Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .