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astronautix.com Yakovlev MVKS


Class: Manned. Type: Spaceplane. Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Yakovlev.

In reaction to US X-30 project, government decrees of 27 January and 19 July 1986 ordered development of a Soviet equivalent. The Ministry of Defence issued technical specifications on 1 September for an MVKS, a single-stage reusable aerospaceplane system. The MKVS was to provide effective and economic delivery to near-earth orbit; develop the technology for effective transatmospheric flight; provide super high-speed intercontinental transport, and fulfil military objectives in and from space. It is known that the Tupolev, Yakovlev, and Energia design bureaux submitted designs. No details of the Yakovlev design have become available to date.


Specification


Yakovlev MVKS Chronology


27 January 1986 Government decree orders design of a Soviet aerospaceplane Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS, VKS.

In reaction to US X-30 project government decree ordered development of a Soviet equivalent.


19 July 1986 Government decree orders development of a Soviet aerospaceplane Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS, VKS.

The decree of 27 January 1986 was reaffirmed.


01 September 1986 MVKS specification issued Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS, VKS.

The Ministry of Defence issued technical specifications on 1 September for an MVKS, a single-stage reusable aerospaceplane system. The MKVS was to provide effective and economic delivery to near-earth orbit; develop the technology for effective transatmospheric flight; provide super high-speed intercontinental transport, and fulfil military objectives in and from space.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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