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m46.gif
M-46B LB
vka603v.gif
VKA-23 1960 3 View
vka2360.jpg
VKA-23 1960
VKA-23 Myasischchyev 1960

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VKA-23 1960

Class: Manned. Type: Spaceplane. Nation: Russia. Craft.Crew Size: 2. Total Length: 9.0 m. Maximum Diameter: 7.5 m. Total Mass: 6,000 kg. Electrical System: Batteries.

Ultimate 1960 Myasishchyev OKB-23 design in first spaceplane competition. Elegant-looking rounded design, very similar to Japan's HOPE design of forty years later. In 1959 Myasishchyev bureau absorbed Tsybin OKB, with its competing spaceplane design being built in close collaboration with Korolev. Combined Myasishchyev/Tsybin OKB space work and staff further transfered to Chelomei in 1960, which ended collaboration with Korolev. Further developoment of the design undertaken completely within the Chelomei OKB. References: 81 , 83 , 192 .


30 June 1957 First serious manned winged spacecraft design Program: Spiral. Summary: Myasishchev OKB-23 sketches first serious manned winged spacecraft design. More details
01 June 1958 Start of construction of manned spacecraft Program: Spiral.

Competing manned projects. Korolev OKB-1 proposed Vostok ballistic capsule as quickest way to put a man in space while meeting Zenit project's reconnsat requirements. Under project VKA-23 (Vodushno Kosmicheskiye Apparat) Myasishchev OKB-23 proposed two designs, a faceted craft with a single tail, and a dual tail contoured version. Tsybin OKB-256 proposed seven man winged craft with variable wing dihedral. Contracts awarded to all three OKB's to proceed with construction of protoypes. R-7 booster to be used for suborbital launches. More details


01 October 1960 Ongoing winged manned spacecraft project cancelled Program: Spiral. Summary: In reduction of military-industrical complex, Myasishchev and Tsybin design bureaus are closed and work stopped on the three prototype winged manned spacecraft already built. More details
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Last update 11 January 1999.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections, additions, or comments.

© Mark Wade, 1999 .