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astronautix.com Venera 3MV-4

Venera 8
Venera 8 - Venera 3V (V-72). Others in the 3V / 3MV series had a similar appearance.

Credit: NASA. 34,211 bytes. 338 x 362 pixels.



Manufacturer's Designation: 3MV-4. Class: Planetary. Type: Venus. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Lavochkin.

Carried a TV system and scientific instruments.


Specification

Total Mass: 960 kg.


Venera 3MV-4 Chronology


12 November 1965 Venera 2 Program: Venera. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 962 kg.

Venera 2 was launched towards the planet Venus and carried a TV system and scientific instruments. On February 27, 1966, the spacecraft passed Venus at a distance of 24,000 km and entered a heliocentric orbit. The spacecraft system had ceased to operate before the planet was reached and returned no data.


23 November 1965 Cosmos 96 Program: Venera. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: At T+528 sec, during the final thrust phase of the Block I's 8D715K engine, one of the combustion chambers blew up due to a tear in the fuel pipeline. This resulted in an abnormal separation of the upper stages. Mass: 960 kg. Perigee: 222 km. Apogee: 296 km. Inclination: 51.9 deg.

The escape stage Block L entered parking orbit tumbling and was not able to operate properly.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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