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US-P
US-P -

Credit: Mark Wade. 21,052 bytes. 320 x 209 pixels.



Manufacturer's Designation: US-P. Class: ELINT. Type: Naval reconnaisance. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: NPO Kometa.

EORSAT (Electronic Ocean Reconnaisance Satellite). Beginning in the late 1950's, Chelomei began studying use of his encapsulated cruise missile technology for spacecraft. One variant of his 'Kosmoplan' satellites would conduct naval radar and signals reconnaissance.

By 30 May 1960 Korolev presented to the Soviet leadership a space plan that allocated to Chelomei theme US - Upravlenniye Sputnik - a naval reconnaissance satellite, to be developed in 1962 to 1964. Chelomei was authorised by Decree 715-296 of 23 June 1960 to complete a draft project.

On October 13, 1964, Khrushchev, Chelomei's patron, was ousted from power. The new leadership decided to assign the US project to NPO Kometa MPP (Chief Constructor A I Savin), to be launched by Yangel's R-36 rocket.

Two separate versions of the spacecraft were to be developed. The solar-powered US-P would provide ELINT for the Soviet Navy. The spacecraft was still by TsKBM MOM (Chelomei), the US-P's radio intercept system by TsNII-108. Flight tests began in 1965 aboard Tsyklon 2 rockets in two phases. Phase 1 was the US-P (entered service in 1971).


Specification

Total Mass: 3,000 kg.


US-P Chronology


16 March 1961 UR-200 (8K81) launch vehicle development authorised. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.

An enabling decree was issued on 1 August 1961 by the Central Committee and Politburo. The UR-200 was designed not only to send a thermonuclear warhead over a range of 12,000 km, but also to orbit all of the Kosmoplan military variants: the IS ASAT; the US nuclear-powered naval intelligence satellite; and the Kosmoplan combat re-entry vehicle.


01 July 1962 Kosmoplan and UR-200 draft projects completed. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.

Trial flights of the ICBM version ran from 4 November 1963 to 20 October 1964. Versions of the Kosmoplan would fly as the reactor-powered US-A and solar-powered US-P ELINT satellites and the I2P ASAT.


18 June 1964 USSR five-year military space plan issued.

Ministry of Defence Decree 'On military space programs for 1964-69, including the R spaceplane' was issued. The decree was issued by Defence Ministry Marshal Rodiono Yakovlevich Malinovksiy. Included in this plan were new versions of the automatic Zenit, More-1 (US series) spacecraft, the Spiral spaceplane, the Soyuz-R manned combat spacecraft, and others. Chelomei's Raketoplan spaceplane was cancelled.


13 October 1964 Khrushchev ousted from power. Launch Vehicle: UR-200, Proton 8K82K.

Brezhnev faction assumes control of Politubro. Brezhnev was adverse to all projects Khrushchev had supported. These included those of Chelomei and his OKB-52.


24 December 1974 Cosmos 699 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 428 km. Apogee: 440 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring; exploded 4/17/75.


29 October 1975 Cosmos 777 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 425 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring; exploded 1/76.


26 November 1976 Cosmos 868 Program: RORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 1,400 kg. Perigee: 422 km. Apogee: 444 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.
24 August 1977 Cosmos 937 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 424 km. Apogee: 444 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


18 April 1979 Cosmos 1094 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 426 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


25 April 1979 Cosmos 1096 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 428 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.1 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


14 March 1980 Cosmos 1167 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 426 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


04 November 1980 Cosmos 1220 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 526 km. Apogee: 759 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


21 March 1981 Cosmos 1260 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 425 km. Apogee: 444 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.


US-PUS-P

Credit: Mark Wade. 56,799 bytes. 640 x 418 pixels.


Ocean monitoring.
04 August 1981 Cosmos 1286 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 430 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


15 September 1981 Cosmos 1306 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 168 km. Apogee: 424 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring; replaced Cosmos 1260.


11 February 1982 Cosmos 1337 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 426 km. Apogee: 444 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


29 April 1982 Cosmos 1355 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 277 km. Apogee: 295 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


04 September 1982 Cosmos 1405 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 425 km. Apogee: 443 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


07 May 1983 Cosmos 1461 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 574 km. Apogee: 803 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


29 October 1983 Cosmos 1507 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 298 km. Apogee: 325 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


30 May 1984 Cosmos 1567 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 353 km. Apogee: 369 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


08 August 1984 Cosmos 1588 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 331 km. Apogee: 347 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


23 January 1985 Cosmos 1625 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 118 km. Apogee: 390 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


19 April 1985 Cosmos 1646 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 378 km. Apogee: 399 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean monitoring.


19 September 1985 Cosmos 1682 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 341 km. Apogee: 446 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


27 February 1986 Cosmos 1735 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 419 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


25 March 1986 Cosmos 1737 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 414 km. Apogee: 426 km. Inclination: 73.4 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


04 August 1986 Cosmos 1769 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 287 km. Apogee: 383 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


08 April 1987 Cosmos 1834 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


11 October 1987 Cosmos 1890 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


28 May 1988 Cosmos 1949 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


18 November 1988 Cosmos 1979 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


24 July 1989 Cosmos 2033 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 196 km. Apogee: 322 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


27 September 1989 Cosmos 2046 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


25 November 1989 Cosmos 2051 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 293 km. Apogee: 310 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


14 March 1990 Cosmos 2060 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 418 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


23 August 1990 Cosmos 2096 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


14 November 1990 Cosmos 2103 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


04 December 1990 Cosmos 2107 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 402 km. Apogee: 416 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


18 January 1991 Cosmos 2122 Program: EORSAT. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 2. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 401 km. Apogee: 415 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Ocean surveillance.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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