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astronautix.com Tselina-D


Article Number: 11F619. Code Name: Ikar. Class: ELINT. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: KBYu.

The Tselina dedicated ELINT satellite was developed into two systems: Tselina-O for general observations and Tselina-D for detailed observations. TsNII-108 GKRE (Zaslavskiy) developed the payload while V M Kovtunenko of OKB-586 build the satellite and launch vehicle.

The first Tselina-O was launched by a Kosmos-3M in 1970. Delays in payload development and weight growth in the Tselina-D resulted in the whole Tselina system not being operational until 1976. Yuzhnoye developed the Tselina-D but had to use the Vostok booster due to its higher weight. Constant improvement resulted in Tselina-O being abandoned in 1984 and all systems being put on Tselina-D. In 1981 a second control and information processing centre was established.

Tselina-D and -O spacecraft were operated simultaneously to maximise results.


Specification


Tselina-D Chronology


02 January 1970 Tsiklon 3 launch vehicle development authorised. Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3.

Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Carrier-Rocket 11K68 on The Basis of 11K69 RN and S5M Stage for Launch of Space Apparatus 'Tselina' and .Meteor'--approval of work on the Tsiklon-3 RN


18 December 1970 Cosmos 389 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 543 km. Apogee: 568 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
07 April 1971 Cosmos 405 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 594 km. Apogee: 603 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
01 March 1972 Cosmos 476 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 379 km. Apogee: 388 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
28 December 1972 Cosmos 542 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 527 km. Apogee: 640 km. Inclination: 81.0 deg.
29 October 1973 Cosmos 604 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 413 km. Apogee: 424 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
16 August 1974 Cosmos 673 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 399 km. Apogee: 416 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
20 June 1975 Cosmos 744 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 367 km. Apogee: 380 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
22 August 1975 Cosmos 756 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 394 km. Apogee: 403 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
16 March 1976 Cosmos 808 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 363 km. Apogee: 370 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
27 August 1976 Cosmos 851 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 300 km. Apogee: 313 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
10 December 1976 Tselina-D accepted for military service.

Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Tselina-D into armaments' was issued.


27 February 1977 Cosmos 895 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 433 km. Apogee: 442 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
24 June 1977 Cosmos 921 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 5,000 kg. Perigee: 587 km. Apogee: 651 km. Inclination: 75.8 deg.

Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


07 July 1977 Cosmos 925 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 269 km. Apogee: 275 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
20 September 1977 Cosmos 955 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 493 km. Apogee: 501 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
24 September 1977 Cosmos 956 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 5,000 kg. Perigee: 355 km. Apogee: 864 km. Inclination: 75.8 deg.

Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


27 December 1977 Cosmos 972 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 5,000 kg. Perigee: 710 km. Apogee: 1,157 km. Inclination: 75.8 deg.

Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


10 January 1978 Cosmos 975 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 513 km. Apogee: 522 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
12 May 1978 Cosmos 1005 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 485 km. Apogee: 494 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
28 June 1978 Cosmos 1025 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 4,375 kg. Perigee: 551 km. Apogee: 567 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
10 October 1978 Cosmos 1043 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 425 km. Apogee: 433 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
19 December 1978 Cosmos 1063 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 518 km. Apogee: 524 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
14 February 1979 Cosmos 1077 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 485 km. Apogee: 491 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
14 April 1979 Cosmos 1093 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 474 km. Apogee: 487 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
16 July 1979 Cosmos 1116 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 396 km. Apogee: 408 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
26 October 1979 Cosmos 1143 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 524 km. Apogee: 533 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg.
27 November 1979 Cosmos 1145 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 4,000 kg. Perigee: 484 km. Apogee: 495 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
30 January 1980 Cosmos 1154 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 540 km. Apogee: 545 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
18 March 1980 Tselina-D Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. FAILURE: Booster exploded on pad during servicing. Severe pad damage, 48 people killed. Cause found to be change in solder with tin to that with lead in H2O2 filters, causing decomposition and explosion.

Pad badly damaged. Not put back into service until April 1983.


04 June 1980 Cosmos 1184 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 532 km. Apogee: 535 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
15 August 1980 Cosmos 1206 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 525 km. Apogee: 531 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
21 November 1980 Cosmos 1222 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 557 km. Apogee: 561 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
27 January 1981 Cosmos 1242 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 568 km. Apogee: 584 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
19 May 1981 Cosmos 1271 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 565 km. Apogee: 582 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1077.


25 August 1981 Cosmos 1300 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 589 km. Apogee: 609 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
14 October 1981 Cosmos 1315 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 571 km. Apogee: 599 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1154.


03 December 1981 Cosmos 1328 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 597 km. Apogee: 619 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
19 February 1982 Cosmos 1340 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 590 km. Apogee: 604 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1206.


31 March 1982 Cosmos 1346 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 572 km. Apogee: 602 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1222.


05 May 1982 Cosmos 1356 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 587 km. Apogee: 612 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1184.


10 June 1982 Cosmos 1378 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 593 km. Apogee: 618 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
05 August 1982 Cosmos 1400 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 575 km. Apogee: 590 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1315.


16 September 1982 Cosmos 1408 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 587 km. Apogee: 617 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1378.


20 January 1983 Cosmos 1437 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 581 km. Apogee: 604 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.
16 February 1983 Cosmos 1441 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 578 km. Apogee: 587 km. Inclination: 81.1 deg.
23 April 1983 Cosmos 1455 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 592 km. Apogee: 617 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
23 June 1983 Cosmos 1470 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 596 km. Apogee: 626 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
15 December 1983 Cosmos 1515 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 595 km. Apogee: 620 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
08 February 1984 Cosmos 1536 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 602 km. Apogee: 631 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
15 March 1984 Cosmos 1544 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 591 km. Apogee: 618 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
18 October 1984 Cosmos 1606 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 592 km. Apogee: 623 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1455.


24 January 1985 Cosmos 1626 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 590 km. Apogee: 618 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1408.


05 March 1985 Cosmos 1633 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 595 km. Apogee: 613 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1470.


09 July 1985 Cosmos 1666 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,500 kg. Perigee: 595 km. Apogee: 622 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
08 August 1985 Cosmos 1674 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,500 kg. Perigee: 594 km. Apogee: 620 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1536.


23 November 1985 Cosmos 1703 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 596 km. Apogee: 621 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1674.


12 December 1985 Cosmos 1707 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 596 km. Apogee: 623 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1515.


17 January 1986 Cosmos 1726 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 590 km. Apogee: 618 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
20 February 1986 Cosmos 1733 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 594 km. Apogee: 618 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1544.


14 May 1986 Cosmos 1743 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 594 km. Apogee: 623 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1626.


12 June 1986 Cosmos 1758 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 603 km. Apogee: 636 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Replaced Cosmos 1666.


30 September 1986 Cosmos 1782 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,400 kg. Perigee: 605 km. Apogee: 628 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
10 December 1986 Cosmos 1805 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,400 kg. Perigee: 598 km. Apogee: 622 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
14 January 1987 Cosmos 1812 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 598 km. Apogee: 622 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


03 March 1987 Cosmos 1825 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 594 km. Apogee: 621 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Ocean surveillance.


27 April 1987 Cosmos 1842 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 602 km. Apogee: 628 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
01 July 1987 Cosmos 1862 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 602 km. Apogee: 636 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
20 October 1987 Cosmos 1892 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 595 km. Apogee: 623 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
06 January 1988 Cosmos 1908 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 600 km. Apogee: 626 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
15 March 1988 Cosmos 1933 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 605 km. Apogee: 629 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.
14 June 1988 Cosmos 1953 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,600 kg. Perigee: 604 km. Apogee: 637 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Outer space research.


11 October 1988 Cosmos 1975 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 604 km. Apogee: 636 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Investigation of outer space.


30 January 1990 Cosmos 2058 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 616 km. Apogee: 645 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Investigation of outer space.


30 November 1990 Cosmos 2106 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 458 km. Apogee: 469 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Released 27 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


13 June 1991 Cosmos 2151 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 625 km. Apogee: 653 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Investigation of outer space.


24 November 1992 Cosmos 2221 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 630 km. Apogee: 662 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Investigation of outer space.


25 December 1992 Cosmos 2228 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 628 km. Apogee: 666 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Investigation of outer space.


16 April 1993 Cosmos 2242 Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,000 kg. Perigee: 629 km. Apogee: 665 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Ocean surveillance. Investigation of outer space.


25 May 1994 Tselina-D Program: Tselina. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. FAILURE: Stage 2 and 3 failed to seperate.

Destroyed by launch safety.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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