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astronautix.com TIROS


Other Designations: Television Infrared Observation Satellite. Class: Earth. Type: Weather. Nation: United States. Agency: ESSA, NASA, GSFC, NOAA. Manufacturer: RCA.

TIROS spacecraft were the beginning of a long series of polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. TIROS was followed by the TOS (TIROS Operational System) series, and then the ITOS (Improved TIROS) series, and later the NOAA series. TIROS spacecraft were developed by GSFC and managed by ESSA (Environmental Science Services Administration). The objective was to establish a global weather satellite system. Spacecraft: Body mounted solar cells. Payload: TIROS spacecraft carried low resolution television and infrared cameras.


Specification

Total Length: 0.5 m. Maximum Diameter: 1.1 m. Total Mass: 130 kg.


TIROS Chronology


01 April 1960 Tiros 1 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Thor Able. Mass: 120 kg. Perigee: 656 km. Apogee: 696 km. Inclination: 48.4 deg.

TV and Infrared Observation Satellite; returned 22952 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


23 November 1960 Tiros 2 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta. Mass: 130 kg. Perigee: 547 km. Apogee: 610 km. Inclination: 48.5 deg.

Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


12 July 1961 Tiros 3 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta. Mass: 129 kg. Perigee: 723 km. Apogee: 790 km. Inclination: 47.9 deg.

Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


08 February 1962 Tiros 4 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta. Mass: 129 kg. Perigee: 693 km. Apogee: 812 km. Inclination: 48.3 deg.

Returned 32593 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


19 June 1962 Tiros 5 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta. Mass: 129 kg. Perigee: 580 km. Apogee: 880 km. Inclination: 58.1 deg.

Returned 58226 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


18 September 1962 Tiros 6 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta. Mass: 127 kg. Perigee: 631 km. Apogee: 654 km. Inclination: 58.3 deg.

Returned 66674 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


19 June 1963 Tiros 7 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta B. Mass: 135 kg. Perigee: 338 km. Apogee: 349 km. Inclination: 58.2 deg.

Returned over 150000 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


21 December 1963 Tiros 8 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta B. Mass: 119 kg. Perigee: 667 km. Apogee: 705 km. Inclination: 58.5 deg.

Returned more than 100,000 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


22 January 1965 Tiros 9 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta C. Mass: 138 kg. Perigee: 701 km. Apogee: 2,564 km. Inclination: 96.4 deg.

Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


02 July 1965 Tiros 10 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta C. Mass: 127 kg. Perigee: 722 km. Apogee: 807 km. Inclination: 98.8 deg.

Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


03 February 1966 ESSA 1 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta C. Mass: 138 kg. Perigee: 684 km. Apogee: 806 km. Inclination: 97.8 deg.

Environmental Survey Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


28 February 1966 ESSA 2 Program: Tiros. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta E. Mass: 132 kg. Perigee: 1,352 km. Apogee: 1,412 km. Inclination: 101.0 deg.

Environmental Survey Satellite; carried APT cameras. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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