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astronautix.com Taifun-2


Other Designations: Romb. Article Number: 17F31. Code Name: Yug. Class: Military. Type: Target. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: KBYu.

Calibration KPO Radar. In 1969 KB Yuzhnoye introduced targets for exercise and test of PVO air defence and space tracking systems. The second generation consisted of Taifun-1 and Taifun-2 satellites, which differed in the type of equipment installed. In 1972 KB-3 under B E Khimrov, with the co-operation of assisting organisations and the Ministry of Defence, completed the draft project. The first Taifun-2 was completed in 1976. Flight trials were conducted in the second half of the 1970's using Kosmos-3M launch vehicles from Plesetsk and Kapustin Yar. The heads of the State Trials Commission were B N Karpov, N N Zhukov, and B G Zudin. Taifun-2 satellites were spherical in shape, 2 m in diameter, with no external solar cells or antennae. Taifun-2 normally released 25 Romb subsatellites into an orbit of 300 to 500 km altitude, at inclinations of 50.7 degrees (from Kapustin Yar) and 65.9 74, or 82.9 degrees (from Plesetsk). Two unique missions in 1989-1990 were put into 180 km x 1550 km orbits at 65.8 degrees. With this higher apogee the payload was reduced to 10 Romb subsatellites.


Specification


Taifun-2 Chronology


01 October 1971 Taifun-2 development approved.

Decree 'On the Development of an Adjustment Complex with the Taifun-2' Artificial Satellite--approval of work on the Taifun-2 system' was issued.


28 April 1976 Cosmos 816 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 950 kg. Perigee: 453 km. Apogee: 566 km. Inclination: 65.9 deg.

Released 24 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


27 December 1976 Cosmos 885 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 433 km. Apogee: 520 km. Inclination: 65.9 deg.

Released 18 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


27 April 1977 Cosmos 906 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 464 km. Apogee: 515 km. Inclination: 50.6 deg.

Released 1 Romb radar calibration subsatellite. Possible partially failed spacecraft bus.


31 May 1977 Cosmos 913 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 474 km. Apogee: 520 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 21 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


08 December 1977 Cosmos 965 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 465 km. Apogee: 516 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 24 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


23 December 1978 Cosmos 1065 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,170 kg. Perigee: 348 km. Apogee: 544 km. Inclination: 50.6 deg.

Radar calibration. Released 7 Romb radar calibration subsatellites. Possible partially failed spacecraft bus.


06 July 1979 Cosmos 1112 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,190 kg. Perigee: 357 km. Apogee: 541 km. Inclination: 50.6 deg.

Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


06 June 1980 Cosmos 1186 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 388 km. Apogee: 414 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


31 July 1980 Cosmos 1204 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 349 km. Apogee: 546 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


29 September 1981 Cosmos 1311 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 462 km. Apogee: 513 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


29 January 1982 Cosmos 1335 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 476 km. Apogee: 513 km. Inclination: 74.1 deg.

Radar calibration; replaced Cosmos 1186. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


04 March 1982 Romb Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


21 April 1982 Cosmos 1351 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 348 km. Apogee: 548 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


27 July 1982 Cosmos 1397 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 343 km. Apogee: 539 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


25 January 1983 Romb Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.

Carried Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


19 April 1983 Cosmos 1453 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 434 km. Apogee: 466 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


26 May 1983 Cosmos 1465 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 349 km. Apogee: 541 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


31 August 1983 Cosmos 1494 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 309 km. Apogee: 413 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


30 September 1983 Cosmos 1501 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 437 km. Apogee: 472 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


27 September 1984 Cosmos 1601 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 387 km. Apogee: 414 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


19 June 1985 Cosmos 1662 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 386 km. Apogee: 410 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


02 October 1985 Cosmos 1688 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 320 km. Apogee: 434 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


03 September 1986 Cosmos 1776 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 700 kg. Perigee: 403 km. Apogee: 417 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


22 January 1987 Cosmos 1815 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 700 kg. Perigee: 336 km. Apogee: 507 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


28 July 1988 Cosmos 1960 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 369 km. Apogee: 379 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


14 February 1989 Cosmos 2002 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 500 kg. Perigee: 179 km. Apogee: 1,525 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 10 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


06 February 1990 Cosmos 2059 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 500 kg. Perigee: 184 km. Apogee: 1,585 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 10 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


25 April 1990 Cosmos 2075 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 418 km. Apogee: 439 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


25 June 1991 Romb Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.


02 March 1995 Cosmos 2306 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 466 km. Apogee: 513 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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