This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com

astronautix.com Taifun-1


Other Designations: 5MV. Article Number: 11F633. Code Name: Vektor. Class: Military. Type: Target. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: KBYu.

From 1969 KB Yuzhnoye built the Lira targets for exercise and test of PVO air defence and space tracking systems. The second generation consisted of Taifun-1 and Taifun-2 satellites, which differed in the type of equipment installed. Taifun-2 would release up to 25 Romb sub-satellites, while Taifun-1 did not. In 1972 KB-3 under B E Khimrov, with the co-operation of assisting organisations and the Ministry of Defence, completed the draft project. The first Taifun-1 was completed in 1974, and flight trials were conducted in the second half of the 1970's using Kosmos-3M launch vehicles from Plesetsk and Kapustin Yar. The heads of the State Trials Commission were B N Karpov, N N Zhukov, and B G Zudin. Vektor satellites were spherical in shape, about 2 m in diameter, the surface covered with solar cells and equipped with four antennae.


Specification


Taifun-1 Chronology


01 February 1971 Taifun-1 accepted into military service.

Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Taifun-1 into armaments' was issued.


18 June 1974 Cosmos 660 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 650 kg. Perigee: 383 km. Apogee: 1,536 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


11 October 1974 Cosmos 687 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 400 kg. Perigee: 286 km. Apogee: 698 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


24 July 1975 Cosmos 752 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 481 km. Apogee: 514 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


12 March 1976 Cosmos 807 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 400 kg. Perigee: 384 km. Apogee: 1,568 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


28 May 1976 Cosmos 822 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 280 km. Apogee: 711 km. Inclination: 74.1 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


02 February 1977 Cosmos 891 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 472 km. Apogee: 516 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


19 July 1977 Cosmos 930 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 2,750 kg. Perigee: 482 km. Apogee: 515 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


22 July 1977 Cosmos 933 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 369 km. Apogee: 431 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


12 May 1978 Cosmos 1006 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,120 kg. Perigee: 384 km. Apogee: 407 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


08 February 1979 Cosmos 1075 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,080 kg. Perigee: 473 km. Apogee: 516 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration. Radar calibration mission.


05 December 1979 Cosmos 1146 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 438 km. Apogee: 493 km. Inclination: 65.9 deg.

Radar calibration.


27 March 1980 Cosmos 1169 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 466 km. Apogee: 513 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


14 May 1980 Cosmos 1179 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 650 kg. Perigee: 202 km. Apogee: 307 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Failure. Radar calibration mission.


16 January 1981 Cosmos 1238 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 395 km. Apogee: 1,706 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


09 April 1981 Cosmos 1263 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 387 km. Apogee: 1,684 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


23 September 1981 Cosmos 1310 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 394 km. Apogee: 423 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


21 October 1982 Cosmos 1418 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 370 km. Apogee: 414 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


29 December 1982 Cosmos 1427 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 319 km. Apogee: 351 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


06 April 1983 Cosmos 1450 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 357 km. Apogee: 385 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission.


19 May 1983 Cosmos 1463 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 254 km. Apogee: 602 km. Inclination: 82.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


05 October 1983 Cosmos 1502 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 750 kg. Perigee: 366 km. Apogee: 409 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission.


11 November 1983 Cosmos 1508 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 390 km. Apogee: 1,774 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


26 January 1984 Cosmos 1534 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 305 km. Apogee: 334 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


28 June 1984 Cosmos 1578 Launch Site: Kapustin Yar . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 255 km. Apogee: 639 km. Inclination: 50.7 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


20 December 1984 Cosmos 1615 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 328 km. Apogee: 362 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


27 February 1985 Cosmos 1631 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 349 km. Apogee: 376 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Possible radar calibration satellite. Radar calibration mission.


27 October 1986 Cosmos 1788 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 700 kg. Perigee: 262 km. Apogee: 263 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


14 July 1987 Cosmos 1868 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 700 kg. Perigee: 279 km. Apogee: 669 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


15 December 1987 Cosmos 1902 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 364 km. Apogee: 408 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


14 July 1988 Cosmos 1958 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 360 km. Apogee: 411 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


14 June 1989 Cosmos 2027 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 394 km. Apogee: 427 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


28 August 1990 Cosmos 2098 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 391 km. Apogee: 1,885 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


19 March 1991 Cosmos 2137 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 356 km. Apogee: 364 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


10 October 1991 Cosmos 2164 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 750 kg. Perigee: 256 km. Apogee: 541 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


26 October 1993 Cosmos 2265 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 500 kg. Perigee: 290 km. Apogee: 1,557 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


02 August 1994 Cosmos 2285 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 825 kg. Perigee: 974 km. Apogee: 1,013 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


27 September 1994 Cosmos 2292 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 500 kg. Perigee: 400 km. Apogee: 1,951 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Radar calibration mission.


24 April 1996 Cosmos 2332 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Perigee: 294 km. Apogee: 1,548 km. Inclination: 82.9 deg.

Radar calibration mission.



Bibliography:



Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .