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Strela-1
Strela-1 - Strela-1 prototype. Later spacecraft in the series are believed to be similar in appearance.

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Article Number: 17F13. Code Name: Gonets. Class: Communications. Type: Military Store-dump. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: NPO PM + NII TP.

Store-dump military communications satellite, said to have initially been developed for the GRU. The Strela-3 was heavier and more capable than the Strela-1M, with six launched per Kosmos 3M booster instead of eight. An operational constellation consisted of twelve spacecraft in two orbital planes. Flight trials began in 1985 and the system was accepted into military service in 1990. By 1992 Strela-3 replaced the Strela-1M and after 1994 the Strela-2M in the strategic communicatons role. Six Strelas are put into medium earth orbits with each launch. A total of 118 reached orbit from 1985 to 1998. A commercial version was marketed as the Gonets-D1 in the 1990's. These satellites had a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage was 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec.


Specification

Total Mass: 230 kg.


Strela-3 Chronology


15 January 1985 Cosmos 1619 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,379 km. Apogee: 1,412 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Mass model of Strela-3.


10 October 1985 Cosmos 1694 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,395 km. Apogee: 1,415 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Mass model of Strela-3.


15 October 1986 Strela-3 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. FAILURE: Failure.
13 March 1987 Cosmos 1830 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,404 km. Apogee: 1,409 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
08 September 1987 Cosmos 1875 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,383 km. Apogee: 1,407 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.


15 January 1988 Cosmos 1911 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,396 km. Apogee: 1,410 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
10 February 1989 Cosmos 1995 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,410 km. Apogee: 1,414 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
14 September 1989 Cosmos 2043 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,405 km. Apogee: 1,408 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
08 August 1990 Cosmos 2093 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,396 km. Apogee: 1,412 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
22 December 1990 Cosmos 2118 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,388 km. Apogee: 1,408 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
17 May 1991 Cosmos 2146 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,391 km. Apogee: 1,413 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
28 September 1991 Cosmos 2158 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,401 km. Apogee: 1,407 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
12 November 1991 Cosmos 2170 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,409 km. Apogee: 1,411 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
13 July 1992 Cosmos 2200 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,403 km. Apogee: 1,412 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
20 October 1992 Cosmos 2211 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,397 km. Apogee: 1,411 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.


11 May 1993 Cosmos 2245 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,395 km. Apogee: 1,414 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket.


24 June 1993 Cosmos 2257 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,406 km. Apogee: 1,417 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
12 February 1994 Cosmos 2271 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,420 km. Apogee: 1,441 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
26 December 1994 Cosmos 2301 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,414 km. Apogee: 1,415 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
19 February 1996 Cosmos 2329 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 225 kg. Perigee: 1,411 km. Apogee: 1,421 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
14 February 1997 Cosmos 2339 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 1,412 km. Apogee: 1,415 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
15 June 1998 Cosmos 2353 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Perigee: 1,301 km. Apogee: 1,869 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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