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Salyut 7
Salyut 7 -

Credit: © Mark Wade. 3,908 bytes. 308 x 427 pixels.



Article Number: 11F715. Manufacturer's Designation: 17KS s/n 126. Class: Manned. Type: Space Station. Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Korolev.

Autopilot: Digital; Propulsion/RCS Systems: Unitary; Telemetry: High Rate; Rendezvous/Docking: Kurs. Equipment: - Kristal materials processing furnace - EFO-7 star electrophotometer Improved Oasis plant growth unit - Aelita cardiovascular diagnostic unit - 24 hr hot water - food refrigerator - French echography ultrasonic medical system - Korund semiconductor materials furnace Military experiments: observations of ground aerosols; ABM intercept; naval exercises; laser pointing/tracking hardware tests


Specification

Total Length: 14.4 m. Maximum Diameter: 4.2 m. Total Mass: 19,824 kg. Total Propellants: 1,200 kg. Primary Engine Thrust: 400 kgf. Main Engine Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. Main Engine Isp: 305 sec. Electric system: 2.00 total average kW. Electrical System: Solar Panel Span: 17.0 m, area: 60 sq. m.


Salyut 7 Chronology


19 April 1982 Salyut 7 Program: Salyut. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K. Mass: 18,900 kg. Perigee: 279 km. Apogee: 284 km. Inclination: 51.6 deg. Duration: 3,215.34 days.

Second Soviet replenishable long-duration ‘civilian’ space station. Objectives: Continuation of scientific research on board manned space complexes in the interests of science and the Soviet national economy; testing of advanced systems and apparatus for orbital stations. Continuation of the scientific research in progress on board manned space complexes in the interests of science and the national economy; testing of advanced systems and apparatus for orbital stations. Although of the same design as Salyut 6, technical breakdowns throughout its life made Salyut 7 a much less productive station. Replaced finally by Mir. Two different TKS resupply craft, originally designed for the Almaz military station, docked with Salyut 7 to provide a larger complex. With the cancellation of Almaz, a large proportion of the experiments carried out on board had military objectives. As of January 1990 out of fuel, unable to manoeuvre, uncontrolled re-entry expected in three to four years. Re-entered in 1991 with 70 kg fuel remaining over Argentina. Controllers attempted to control impact point (set for Atlantic Ocean) by setting Salyut 7/Kosmos 1686 assembly into a tumble. This however failed and Salyut 7 re-entered February 7, 1991 04:00 GMT. Many fragments fell on the town of Capitan Bermudez, 25 km from Rosario and 400 km from Buenos Aires, Argentina. At 1 am local time the sky was lit up with hundreds of incandescent meteors travelling from Southwest to Northeast. At dawn the inhabitants discovered numerous metal fragments, which seemed to have fallen in distinct groups at various locations in the city. Luckily no one was hurt in the metallic shower. Additional Details: Salyut 7.


30 July 1982 EVA Soyuz T-8-1 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Lebedev, Berezovoi.

Retrieved and installed material samples. Tested equipment.


01 November 1983 EVA Soyuz T-9-1 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Lyakhov, Aleksandrov.

Began installation of auxiliary solar array.


03 November 1983 EVA Soyuz T-9-2 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Lyakhov, Aleksandrov.


Spacesuit OrlanSpacesuit Orlan - Orlan space suit as used on Salyut 7 and Mir space stations.

Credit: Zvezda. 21,342 bytes. 262 x 330 pixels.


Completed installation of auxiliary solar array.
23 April 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-1 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Installed external equipment.


26 April 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-2 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Began repair of Salyut 7 propulsion system fuel lines.


29 April 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-3 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Continued repair of Salyut 7 propulsion system fuel lines.


03 May 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-4 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Completed repair of Salyut 7 propulsion system fuel lines.


18 May 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-5 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Installed solar array.


25 July 1984 EVA Soyuz T-12-1 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Dzhanibekov, Savitskaya.

Conducted welding experiments.


08 August 1984 EVA Soyuz T-10-6 Program: Salyut. Flight Crew: Kizim, Solovyov Vladimir.

Repaired Salyut 7 propulsion system fuel lines.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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