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Salyut 1
Salyut 1 - The Salyut 1 was the world's first space station. It was developed in a crash project that took military Almaz space station hulls and equipped them with Soyuz systems.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 8,892 bytes. 320 x 238 pixels.



Article Number: 11F715. Manufacturer's Designation: 17K s/n 121. Code Name: Zarya. Class: Manned. Type: Space Station. Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Korolev.

The DOS station was built on basis of first three Almaz to determine the usefulness of manned observation of the earth within 4 to 5 years.


Specification

Craft.Crew Size: 3. Total Length: 13.1 m. Maximum Diameter: 4.2 m. Total Mass: 18,210 kg. Total Propellants: 2,000 kg. Primary Engine Thrust: 417 kgf. Main Engine Propellants: Nitric Acid/Hydrazine. Main Engine Isp: 282 sec. Total spacecraft delta v: 320 m/s. Electric system: 1.00 total average kW. Electrical System: Solar Panel Span: 9.8 m, area: 33 sq. m.


Salyut 1 Chronology


01 February 1970 Space station programs rationalized. Program: Almaz. Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K.

Brezhnev orders a cooperative crash program to build a civilian space station to beat Skylab into orbit. The civilian station (later named Salyut) will use the Almaz spaceframe fitted out with Soyuz functional equipment. Mishin's OIS military station was cancelled and Chelomei's Almaz would continue, but as second priority to the civilian station. The Soyuz 7K-S station ferry, the 7K-ST, would be revised to be a more conservative modification of the Soyuz 7K-OK. The OIS cosmonaut group was incorporated into the Almaz group.



Salyut 1Salyut 1 - The Salyut 1 was the world's first space station. It was developed in a crash project that took military Almaz space station hulls and equipped them with Soyuz systems.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 2,914 bytes. 193 x 329 pixels.


09 February 1970 Salyut project begins.

Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 105-41 'On creation of the DOS using Almaz as a basis' was issued.


16 February 1970 Salyut crash program authorised.

Decree 57ss 'On creation of the DOS using Almaz as a basis' was issued.


19 April 1971 Salyut 1 Program: Salyut. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K. Mass: 18,500 kg. Perigee: 180 km. Apogee: 214 km. Inclination: 51.4 deg. Duration: 179.93 days.

First of manned space station; deorbited after 175 days in space, on October 16, 1971.
Maneuver Summary:
186km X 220km orbit to 253km X 276km orbit. Delta V: 35 m/s
198km X 204km orbit to 187km X 221km orbit. Delta V: 8 m/s
188km X 215km orbit to 208km X 217km orbit. Delta V: 5 m/s
208km X 212km orbit to 210km X 235km orbit. Delta V: 6 m/s
206km X 227km orbit to 225km X 262km orbit. Delta V: 15 m/s
225km X 262km orbit to 257km X 264km orbit. Delta V: 9 m/s
222km X 237km orbit to 238km X 284km orbit. Delta V: 17 m/s
200km X 237km orbit to 226km X 292km orbit. Delta V: 23 m/s
201km X 251km orbit to 248km X 299km orbit. Delta V: 27 m/s
248km X 229km orbit to 285km X 314km orbit. Delta V: 34 m/s
265km X 300km orbit to 221km X 266km orbit. Delta V: 21 m/s
177km X 182km orbit to 177km X 20km orbit. Delta V: 48 m/s
Total Delta V: 200/248 m/s.
Officially: Testing of design elements and on-board systems; conduct of research and experiments in space flight. Testing of design elements and on-board systems; conduct of research and experiments in space flight.



Salyut 1 PhotoSalyut 1 Photo

Credit: Dietrich Haesler. 61,553 bytes. 583 x 421 pixels.


29 July 1972 Zarya s/n 122 Program: Salyut. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction at T+ 162 sec. Mass: 18,000 kg.

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .