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Prognoz
Prognoz -

Credit: © Mark Wade. 24,168 bytes. 223 x 446 pixels.



Manufacturer's Designation: SO-M. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: NPOL.

This spacecraft, built by Lavochkin, was launched from 1972 for study of geomagnetic fields, radiation, and solar physics. They continued the work of Elektron project of 1964. G S Narimanov was head of the government commission and they were launched by Molniya-M from Baikonur.


Specification

Total Mass: 920 kg.


Prognoz Chronology


14 April 1972 Prognoz 1 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 845 kg. Perigee: 1,005 km. Apogee: 199,667 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Study of the processes of solar activity and of their influence on interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere.


29 June 1972 Prognoz 2 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 845 kg. Perigee: 517 km. Apogee: 201,804 km. Inclination: 65.3 deg.

Study of the processes of solar activity and of their influence on interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere.


15 February 1973 Prognoz 3 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 845 kg. Perigee: 590 km. Apogee: 200,000 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Solar flare monitor. Study of the processes of solar activity and of their influence on interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere.


22 December 1975 Prognoz 4 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 905 kg. Perigee: 634 km. Apogee: 199,000 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth.


25 November 1976 Prognoz 5 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 930 kg. Perigee: 777 km. Apogee: 198,560 km. Inclination: 65.2 deg.

Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth.


22 September 1977 Prognoz 6 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 910 kg. Perigee: 488 km. Apogee: 197,867 km. Inclination: 65.0 deg.

Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth.


30 October 1978 Prognoz 7 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 950 kg. Perigee: 472 km. Apogee: 202,627 km. Inclination: 64.9 deg.

Magnetospheric investigations. Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun, of solar plasma fluxes and of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and the magnetosphere of the earth; investigation of galactic ultraviolet rays, X-rays and gamma rays. In addition to Soviet apparatus, carried scientific apparatus produced in the USSR, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, France, the Hungarian People's Republic and Sweden.


25 December 1980 Prognoz 8 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 910 kg. Perigee: 978 km. Apogee: 197,364 km. Inclination: 65.8 deg.

Examined solar wind interaction with magnetosphere. Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth. In addition to Soviet apparatus, carried scientific apparatus produced in the USSR, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Polish People's Republic, and Sweden.



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01 July 1983 Prognoz 9 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 1,060 kg. Perigee: 380 km. Apogee: 720,000 km. Inclination: 1.3 deg.

Investigation of residual radiation from the Big Bang and gamma flares in deep space, and solar corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation plasma flows and magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space to determine the effects of solar activity on the interpl anetary medium and the earth's magnetosphere. In addition to Soviet scientific apparatus, carried instruments built in Czechoslovakia and France.


26 April 1985 Intercosmos 23 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 5,975 km. Apogee: 194,734 km. Inclination: 76.8 deg.

Magnetosphere and solar wind investigations. Prognoz-10-Intercosmos. Investigation of the structure of interplanetary and circumterrestrial shock waves generated by the interaction of the solar wind and the earth's magnetosphere. Carries scientific apparatus developed by scientists and specialists o f the USSR and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in the 'Intercosmos' programme of international cooperation in the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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