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Other Designations: Orbitalnky Poyas - Orbital Belt. Class: Manned. Type: Space Station. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: OKB-1.

Korolev’s next attempt to win military support for development of the N-I was his fantastic ‘Orbitalniy Poyas’ (OP -Orbital Belt) scheme of 20 April 1962. Anticipating Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defence Initiative by 25 years, he painted a picture of an invincible Soviet space force patrolling the heavens. Two to three large N-I launched military manned stations would control a constellation of strategic assets. Geosynchronous nuclear-powered satellites would provide secure communications. Piloted reconnaissance spacecraft would surprise the enemy, observing military preparations without warning. The orbital stations would provide continuous observations of the territory of the imperialist block. They would control combat sputniks, manoeuvrable anti-satellites that would control the heavens from altitudes of 300 to 2,000 km. Using docking methods, the stations would be remanned, providing fresh crews to control anti-ballistic missile interceptors in 150 to 100 km orbits and to deploy separately targetable warheads at a variety of altitudes.

There is not evidence the military was any more impressed with this justification than those previously put forth.


Specification

Craft.Crew Size: 3. Total Mass: 50,000 kg.


OP Chronology


20 April 1962 OP -Orbital Belt Launch Vehicle: N1.

Korolev’s fantastic ‘Orbitalniy Poyas’ (OP -Orbital Belt) scheme anticipated Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defence Initiative by 25 years. Two to three large N-I launched military manned stations would control a constellation of strategic assets. Geosynchronous nuclear-powered satellites would provide secure communications. Piloted reconnaissance spacecraft would surprise the enemy, observing military preparations without warning. The orbital stations would provide continuous observations of the territory of the imperialist block.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .