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Meteor-Priroda
Meteor-Priroda

Credit: NASA. 14,285 bytes. 501 x 348 pixels.


Class: Earth. Type: Landsat. Nation: USSR.

Soviet development of remote sensing systems in support of the national economy began with a decree in December 1971 'On development work for research on earth resources using space technology'. The result was Meteor-Priroda 1, launched on 9 July 74 into a 950 km orbit by a Vostok-2M rocket, The satellite, derived from the basic Meteor weather satellite, was equipped with a radio-television system using an optico-mechanical sensor by VNIIEM Minelektrotekhprom, A G Yosifyan, General designer. This was followed from 18 May 1976 by Meteor-Priroda 2-1, in 650 km sun-synchronous 97 degree orbits. Receiving stations were located at Goskomgidormet facilities in Moscow, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk.


Specification

Total Mass: 3,800 kg.


Meteor-Priroda Chronology


01 December 1971 Meteor-Priroda authorised

Soviet development of remote sensing systems in support of the national economy began with a decree 'On development work for research on earth resources using space technology'.


21 December 1971 Meteor-Priroda satellite authorised.

Decree 'On expansion of Work on Research of the Earth's Natural Resources by Space Systems' was issued.


09 July 1974 Meteor 1-18 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 882 km. Apogee: 908 km. Inclination: 81.2 deg.

Conducted experimental work in studying the natural resources of the earth. Also tested plasma engine


18 May 1976 Meteor 1-25 Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 826 km. Apogee: 884 km. Inclination: 81.3 deg.

Continuation of experimental work in studying the natural resources of the earth.


29 June 1977 Meteor 1-28 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 332 km. Apogee: 338 km. Inclination: 97.4 deg.

Continuation of experimental work in studying the natural resources of the earth. Acquisition of meteorological information required for use in the operational weather service.


25 January 1979 Meteor 1-29 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 546 km. Apogee: 596 km. Inclination: 97.8 deg.

Obtaining information needed for research into the natural resources of the earth and the development of methods for remote sensing of the underlying surface, and obtaining meteorological information. In addition to Soviet apparatus, carried scientific ap paratus from the German Democratic Republic.


10 July 1981 Meteor 1-31 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. Mass: 3,800 kg. Perigee: 574 km. Apogee: 612 km. Inclination: 97.9 deg.

Also performed earth resources tasks. Acquisition of information required for continued investigation of the natural resources of the earth; development of remote sensing methods for measuring the parameters of the atmosphere and the earth's surface beneath the satellite. Carried scientific i nstruments developed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria, as well as Soviet equipment. Objects 1595 and 1596 launched by a single rocket.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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