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astronautix.com Marsokhod

Marsokhod
Marsokhod
Painting of an early Marsokhod design from ca. 1959.

Credit: Gleb V. Aleksushin. 69,312 bytes. 569 x 395 pixels.


Class: Manned. Type: Mars Rover. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Barmin.


MarsokhodMarsokhod - Nuclear powered crewed Mars Train rover (with ascent stage to orbit in centre).

Credit: Andy Salmon. 22,788 bytes. 300 x 406 pixels.


Surface transports were part of all Soviet Mars expeditions. The earliest concepts had multiple articulated tracks. The elaborate Mars Train used wheeled vehicles equipped with manipulator arms so that extended surface operations could be undertaken in shirtsleeve comfort. Later Marsokhods were more austere, providing limited mobility around the landing site on short 30-day or 7-day sojourns on the surface.

Mars TrainMars Train - Elements of Mars Train and Zvezda Lunar Base Support Craft. From left: two LK landers; Marsokhod with manipulator arms; Mars Train with reactor, ascent stage, and forward living module; another Marsokhod with manipulator arms.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 24,363 bytes. 605 x 191 pixels.


Specification

Craft.Crew Size: 3. Design Life: 365 days. Total Mass: 8,000 kg. Electrical System: Nuclear reactor.



EA LanderEA Lander - EA Lander on Mars. Note the cyldindrical air lock that has deployed from the belly, the landing legs, the aerodynamic surfaces on the tail, and the small Marsokhod rover on the surface.

Credit: RKK Energia. 25,982 bytes. 307 x 237 pixels.



Mars TrainMars Train - Elements of Mars Train and Zvezda Lunar Base Support Craft. From left: two LK landers; Marsokhod with manipulator arms; Mars Train with reactor, ascent stage, and forward living module; another Marsokhod with manipulator arms.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 59,585 bytes. 640 x 262 pixels.



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Last update 3 May 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .