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astronautix.com Mariner 5

Mariner 5
Mariner 5 -

Credit: NASA. 10,626 bytes. 312 x 196 pixels.



Class: Planetary. Type: Venus. Nation: United States. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: JPL.

Mariner 5 was a refurbished backup spacecraft for the Mariner 4 mission and was converted from a Mars mission to a Venus mission. Mariner 5 carried a complement of experiments to probe Venus's atmosphere with radio waves, scan its brightness in ultraviolet light, and sample the solar particles and magnetic field fluctuations above the planet. Spacecraft: The spacecraft was fully attitude stabilized, using the sun and Canopus as references. A central computer and sequencer subsystem supplied timing sequences and computing services for other spacecraft subsystems. Octagonal bus structure with four solar panels.3-axis stabilised using cold gas thrusters. S-Band communications via LGA and HGA. Thermal shield. Payload: The spacecraft instruments measured both interplanetary and Venusian magnetic fields, charged particles, and plasmas, as well as the radio refractivity and UV emissions of the Venusian atmosphere. The mission was termed a success.


Specification

Total Mass: 244 kg.


Mariner 5 Chronology


14 June 1967 Mariner 5 Program: Mariner. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: SLV-3 Atlas / Agena D. Mass: 244 kg.

Mariner 5 flew by Venus on October 19, 1967 at an altitude of 3,990 kilometres. With more sensitive instruments than its predecessor Mariner 2, Mariner 5 was able to shed new light on the hot, cloud-covered planet and on conditions in interplanetary space. Operations of Mariner 5 ended in November 1967. The spacecraft instruments measured both interplanetary and Venusian magnetic fields, charged particles, and plasmas, as well as the radio refractivity and UV emissions of the Venusian atmosphere.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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