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astronautix.com Luna E-6S

Luna 10 / E-6S
Luna 10 / E-6S - E-6S lunar orbiter spacecraft. The E-6LF and E-6LS spacecraft may have been similar.

Credit: NASA. 24,484 bytes. 218 x 410 pixels.



Manufacturer's Designation: E-6S. Class: Planetary. Type: Lunar. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: OKB-1.

Development of system to permit the creation of an artificial lunar satellite for the investigation of circumlunar space; development of onboard systems for putting a station into a selenocentric (circumlunar) orbit. Scientific instruments included a gamma-ray spectrometer for energies between 0.3--3 MeV, a triaxial magnetometer, a meteorite detector, instruments for solar-plasma studies, and devices for measuring infrared emissions from the Moon and radiation conditions of the lunar environment. Gravitational studies were also conducted. The spacecraft played back to Earth the `Internationale' during the Twenty-third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Battery powered and operated for 460 lunar orbits and 219 active data transmissions before radio signals were discontinued.


Specification

Total Mass: 1,597 kg.


Luna E-6S Chronology


01 March 1966 Cosmos 111 Program: Luna. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L lost roll control during unpowered coast in parking orbit because the axis of the course regulator of the control system jammed in the zero position. The stage's engine was not fired. Mass: 6,540 kg. Perigee: 168 km. Apogee: 180 km. Inclination: 51.8 deg.
31 March 1966 Luna 10 Program: Luna. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 1,597 kg.

Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). Development of system to permit the creation of an artificial lunar satellite for the investigation of circumlunar space; development of onboard systems for putting a station into a selenocentric (circumlunar) orbit. Orbit: Lunar Orbiter. The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched towards the Moon from an Earth orbiting platform. The spacecraft entered lunar orbit 3 50 x 1017 km, inclination 71.9 deg to plane of the lunar equator. on April 4, 1966. Scientific instruments included a gamma-ray spectrometer for energies between 0.3--3 MeV, a triaxial magnetometer, a meteorite detector, instruments for solar-plasma studies, and devices for measuring infrared emissions from the Moon and radiation conditions of the lunar environment. Gravitational studies were also conducted. The spacecraft played back to Earth the `Internationale' during the Twenty-third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Luna 10 was battery powered and operated for 460 lunar orbits and 219 active data transmissions before radio signals were discontinued on May 30, 1966.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .