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L4 -1963
L4 -1963 - 1963 L4 manned lunar orbiter.

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Manufacturer's Designation: L4. Class: Manned. Type: Lunar orbiter. Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Korolev.

The L-4 Manned Lunar Orbiter Research Spacecraft would have taken two to three cosmonauts into lunar orbit for an extended survey and mapping mission. It was described in a 23 September 1963 letter setting out the space exploration plan for 1965 to 1975. The L-4 complex, with a total mass of 75 tonnes, would be placed into orbit in a single N1 launch, and would consist of:


L4-1963 Chronology

23 September 1963 Korolev letter sets out a space exploration plan for 1965 to 1975.

The plan included a series of lunar exploration vehicles: the L1, L2, L3, L4, and L5.


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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .