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astronautix.com KK


Other Designations: Space Complex for a Piloted Expedition to Mars. Class: Manned. Type: Mars Expedition. Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Korolev.

Work on the TMK project continued, including trajectory trade-off studies and refinement of the design. In its final iteration, in May 1966, before Korolevís OKB was overwhelmed by N1-L3 development work, the design was known as the KK - Space Complex for Delivering a Piloted Expedition to Mars. Nuclear-electric propulsion was retained, but various mission designs were studied in an attempt to reduce the overall vehicle mass.

The spacecraft itself now consisted of six (less ambitious) modules:

The following mission profiles were considered for the mission:

By the time the KK design was completed, the Soviet lunar landing goal had been set and all OKB-1 staff concentrated on design and development of the N1-L3 lunar spacecraft. Work on Mars projects was deferred for the duration of the moon race.


Specification

Craft.Crew Size: 3. Total Mass: 150,000 kg. Primary Engine Thrust: 6 kgf. Main Engine Propellants: Xenon. Main Engine Isp: 8,000 sec. Electric system: 15,000.00 total average kW. Electrical System: Nuclear reactor.


KK Chronology


01 May 1966 Final iteration of TMK Mars spacecraft design

Work on the TMK project continued, including trajectory trade-off studies and refinement of the design. In its final iteration, before Korolevís OKB was overwhelmed by N1-L3 development work, the design was known as the KK - Space Complex for Delivering a Piloted Expedition to Mars.



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Last update 3 May 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .