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Class: Communications. Nation: International. Agency: ITSO . Manufacturer: Hughes.
Intelsat 1, also called Early Bird, was the world's first commercial communications satellite. It provided the first scheduled transoceanic TV service and was operational for 3.5 years. In 1984, the satellite was briefly reactivated to celebrate ITSO's 20th anniversary. Spacecraft: Spin stabilised. Payload: Two 6 W transponders with 50 Mhz bandwidth. No multiple access.240 voice circuits or one TV channel.
Design Life: 18 months. Total Length: 0.6 m. Maximum Diameter: 0.7 m. Total Mass: 39 kg.
Intelsat 1 Chronology
06 April 1965
Intelsat 1 F-1 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Delta D. Mass: 39 kg. Perigee: 35,730 km. Apogee: 35,794 km. Inclination: 14.7 deg.
Over Atlantic. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).
- 2 - McDowell, Jonathan, The United Nations Registry of Space Objects, Harvard University, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/un/un.html
- 6 - JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/home.html
- 279 - McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. HTML when accessed: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/~jcm/space/log/launch.html
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .