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Gonets-1
Gonets-1 -

Credit: ESA. 14,178 bytes. 186 x 242 pixels.



Class: Communications. Type: Military Store-dump. Nation: USSR.

Commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite. Gonets-D1 was to be deployed in a constellation of 12 satellites (2 planes of 6) between 1996 and 1998. Each satellite had a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage was 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec. Two preproduction test spacecraft of slightly different configuration called 'Gonets-D' were flown. The constellation was not completed and further funding for an improved commercial version was not obtained.


Specification

Total Mass: 233 kg.


Gonets-D1 Chronology


13 July 1992 Cosmos 2199 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,409 km. Apogee: 1,424 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space.


19 February 1996 Cosmos 2328 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 250 kg. Perigee: 1,399 km. Apogee: 1,414 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package


14 February 1997 Gonets-D1 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 225 kg. Perigee: 1,413 km. Apogee: 1,422 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .