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|Gonets-1 - |
Credit: ESA. 14,178 bytes. 186 x 242 pixels.
Class: Communications. Type: Military Store-dump. Nation: USSR.
Commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite. Gonets-D1 was to be deployed in a constellation of 12 satellites (2 planes of 6) between 1996 and 1998. Each satellite had a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage was 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec. Two preproduction test spacecraft of slightly different configuration called 'Gonets-D' were flown. The constellation was not completed and further funding for an improved commercial version was not obtained.
Total Mass: 233 kg.
13 July 1992
Cosmos 2199 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 220 kg. Perigee: 1,409 km. Apogee: 1,424 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space.
19 February 1996
Cosmos 2328 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 250 kg. Perigee: 1,399 km. Apogee: 1,414 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package
14 February 1997
Gonets-D1 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 225 kg. Perigee: 1,413 km. Apogee: 1,422 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.
- 4 - McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Report (Internet Newsletter), Harvard University, Weekly, 1989 to Present. HTML when accessed: ftp://sao-ftp.harvard.edu/pub/jcm/space/news
- 6 - JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/home.html
- 105 - Novosti Kosmonavtiki, "Rossiya. Zapushcheni 3 KA 'Gonets' i KA 'Kosmos-2337, 2338, 2339'", 1997, Issue 4, page 54.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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