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astronautix.com FS-1300


Class: Communications. Nation: USA. Manufacturer: Loral Space Systems.

3-axis stabilised. Hydrazine propulsion system. Two large solar panels with 1-axis articulation provide 3900W BOL. 26 C-Band / 10-14 Ku-Band transponders.18,000 telephone calls and 3 colour TV broadcasts simultaneously. Or up to 112,500 telephone circuits using digital circuit multiplication equipment (DCME).7A: 26 C-Band and 14 Ku-Band transponders.22,500 telephone calls and 3 colour TV broadcasts simultaneously. Three independently steerable, high-powered, Ku-band spot beams. Independently steerable C-band spot beam coverage.


Specification

Design Life: 10-15 years. Total Mass: 4,180 kg.


FS-1300 Chronology


05 June 1989 Superbird A Program: Superbird. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,489 kg. Perigee: 35,931 km. Apogee: 35,944 km. Inclination: 2.5 deg.

Japanese domestic business communications; 158 deg E.


22 February 1990 Superbird B Program: Superbird. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. FAILURE: Exploded 100 seconds after liftoff due to water line blockage. This was caused by a piece of cloth found in the first stage Viking engine water cooling system.

Launched with BS-2X. Targeted for Geosynch orbit.


26 February 1992 Superbird B1 Program: Superbird. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,560 kg. Perigee: 35,771 km. Apogee: 35,804 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 162 deg E. Domestic communications. Launching organization Arianespace. Launch time 2358 GMT.


01 December 1992 Superbird A1 Program: Superbird. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P. Mass: 2,780 kg. Perigee: 35,774 km. Apogee: 35,800 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 158 deg E. Domestic communications. Launching states: Japan and France. Launch time 2248 GMT.


22 October 1993 Intelsat 7 F1 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 3,650 kg. Perigee: 35,669 km. Apogee: 35,910 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

International communications. The Intelsat 7 and 7A series were nearly identical except for an increase in the number of Ku-band transponders in the 7A series. Spacecraft: 3-axis stabilised. Hydrazine propulsion system. Two large solar panels with 1-axis articulation provide 3900W BOL. Payload: 7: 26 C-Band and 10 Ku-Band transponders.18,000 telephone calls and 3 colour TV broadcasts simultaneously. Or up to 90,000 telephone circuits using digital circuit multiplication equipment (DCME).7A: 26 C-Band and 14 Ku-Band transponders.22,500 telephone calls and 3 colour TV broadcasts simultaneously. Or up to 112,500 telephone circuits using DCME. Three independently steerable, high-powered, Ku-band spot beams. Independently steerable C-band spot beam coverage.


17 June 1994 Intelsat 702 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 53 kg. Perigee: 239 km. Apogee: 35,588 km. Inclination: 7.4 deg.

50 cm cube; Space Technology and Research Vehicle; included solar cell tests.


06 October 1994 Intelsat 703 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. Mass: 3,656 kg. Perigee: 35,779 km. Apogee: 35,792 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 176.96 deg E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option.


10 January 1995 Intelsat 704 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. Mass: 3,656 kg. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,796 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Stationed at 66.0 deg E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option.


22 March 1995 Intelsat 705 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. Mass: 3,669 kg. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,798 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 50.1 deg W. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option.


17 May 1995 Intelsat 706 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 4,180 kg. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,798 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 53.1 deg W.


29 August 1995 N-Star a Program: N-STAR. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Mass: 3,100 kg. Perigee: 35,782 km. Apogee: 35,791 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Stationed at 131.9 deg E.


05 February 1996 N-STAR b Program: N-STAR. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Mass: 3,400 kg. Perigee: 35,715 km. Apogee: 35,876 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Geostationary at 128.9E.


14 February 1996 Intelsat 708 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Xichang . Launch Vehicle: CZ-3B. FAILURE: Launch failure.
14 March 1996 Intelsat 707 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 4,175 kg. Perigee: 35,774 km. Apogee: 35,797 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

GEO. 26 C-band, 14 K-band transponders. Geostationary at 0.9W.


15 June 1996 Intelsat 709 Program: Intelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Perigee: 35,779 km. Apogee: 35,795 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

36 transponders Geostationary at 50.0W.


08 March 1997 Tempo 2 Program: Tempo. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. Perigee: 35,765 km. Apogee: 35,805 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 118.7W Launch vehicle put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option.


24 May 1997 Telstar 5 Program: Telstar. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / DM4. Perigee: 35,773 km. Apogee: 35,799 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 97.0W


08 August 1997 Panamsat 6 Program: Panamsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,797 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 43.2W


19 August 1997 Agila 2 Launch Site: Xichang . Launch Vehicle: CZ-3B. Perigee: 35,771 km. Apogee: 35,803 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 146.0E


16 October 1997 Apstar 2R Program: Apstar. Launch Site: Xichang . Launch Vehicle: CZ-3B. Perigee: 35,774 km. Apogee: 35,798 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 76.5E


16 September 1998 Panamsat 7 Program: Panamsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Perigee: 35,749 km. Apogee: 35,821 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geostationary at 68.7 degrees E.


04 November 1998 PAS 8 Program: Panamsat. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / DM3. Perigee: 35,599 km. Apogee: 36,075 km. Inclination: 0.3 deg.

The Proton launch vehicles Block DM3 fourth stage put the Panamsat PAS 8 into a 6784 km x 35941 km x 17.3 degree transfer orbit. PAS 8 had 24 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders and was to be located over the Pacific after its R-4D apogee engine manoeuvred the orbit to geostationary altitude and inclination. Geostationary at 166.1 degrees E.


15 February 1999 Telstar 6 Program: Telstar. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / DM3. Mass: 3,700 kg. Perigee: 35,781 km. Apogee: 35,792 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Loral Skynet's Telstar 6 had a mixed C and Ku band communications payload. The Block DM3 upper stage released Telstar 6 in a 6638 km x 35,756 km x 17.4 degree geosynchronous transfer orbit. After the first burn of its on-board R-4D engine on February 18, Telstar 6 was in a 15,037 km x 35,800 km x 7.9 deg transfer orbit heading for its final geosynchronous slot at 93 deg W


23 September 1999 Echostar 5 Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. Perigee: 35,772 km. Apogee: 35,801 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

The Centaur second stage put Echostar 5 into a supersynchronous transfer orbit of 131 km x 45526 km x 26.6 degrees. The satellite's own engine put it into the final geosynchronous orbit. Echostar 5 was a Ku-band satellite, part of the Dish Network. Stationed at 110 deg W.


25 September 1999 Telstar 7 Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 3,790 kg. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,797 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Telstar 7, owned by Loral Skynet, had 24 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders. Dry mass was 1537 kg. After placement in final geosynchronous orbit it provided communications for North America from a position at 129 degrees East longitude. Stationed at 129 deg W.


19 October 1999 Orion 2 Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Perigee: 35,767 km. Apogee: 35,793 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Satellite used for international communications; complement the Telstar satellites operated by Loral Skynet. Stationed at 15 deg W.


15 November 1999 MTSAT Launch Site: Tanegashima . Launch Vehicle: H-2. FAILURE: Failure during first stage burn.

Multi-functional Transportation Satellite intended to provide communications and air traffic control for the Japanese transportation ministry and a meteorological data for the Japanese Meteorological Agency. The spacecraft had a mass of 1223 kg dry and was a follow-on to the GMS (Himawari) weather satellite series.


03 May 2000 GOES 11 Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. Perigee: 35,764 km. Apogee: 35,810 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

US civilian geostationary weather satellite in the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite series. It was the first GOES launch on the Atlas II launch vehicle (the Atlas I having been phased out). Built by SS/Loral, based on the FS-1300 bus. It was equipped with one solar panel array and a counter-boom with a solar sail. The satellite carried well as an imaging radiometer and an X-ray detector to monitor solar activity. Stationed at 106 deg W.


30 June 2000 Sirius 1 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / DM3. Perigee: 24,388 km. Apogee: 47,097 km. Inclination: 63.3 deg.

Digital Audio Radio Satellite, used for transmission of S-band radio broadcasts direct to receivers in cars in the United States. Sirius 1 was inserted into an initial 6,166 x 47110 km x 63.4 deg transfer orbit by the Proton-K's Blok DM3 upper stage. The satellite's R4D liquid apogee engine made several burns to raise the orbit to 24,388 x 47,097 km x 63.3 deg by July 8. This elliptical, inclined 24 hour orbit had a 24 hour period, designed to keep the satellite between longitude 60W and 140W, with apogee over the northern hemisphere. Stationed at 66 deg W.


05 September 2000 Sirius 2 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / DM3. Perigee: 24,521 km. Apogee: 47,051 km. Inclination: 63.4 deg.

Sirius Radio's Sirius 2 was launched into a 144 x 168 km x 64.8 deg parking orbit. The Blok DM3 stage then made two burns to deliver Sirius 2 to an elliptical 6192 x 47057 km x 63.4 deg orbit. The was to provide digital radio broadcasts to mobile users in North America. Stationed at 64 deg W.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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