This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com

astronautix.com Eurostar 2000


Class: Communications. Nation: France. Agency: France-Telecom. Manufacturer: Matra Marconi Space-France, Toulouse.

Domestic communications.


Specification

Total Mass: 3,000 kg.


Eurostar 2000 Chronology


11 March 1988 Telecom 1C Program: Telecom. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2/3. Mass: 1,210 kg. Perigee: 35,783 km. Apogee: 35,790 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

French domestic communications; 5 deg E. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C).


16 December 1991 Telecom 2A Program: Telecom. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,275 kg. Perigee: 35,773 km. Apogee: 35,801 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

French communications; 3 deg E.


15 April 1992 Telecom 2B Program: Telecom. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,200 kg. Perigee: 35,769 km. Apogee: 35,804 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Stationed at 3 deg E.


10 September 1992 Hispasat 1A Program: Hispasat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Mass: 2,194 kg. Perigee: 35,784 km. Apogee: 35,794 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Stationed at 30 deg W.


22 July 1993 Hispasat-1B Program: Hispasat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,120 kg. Perigee: 35,659 km. Apogee: 35,785 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Stationed at 30 deg W.


29 November 1994 Orion 1 Program: Orion. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. Mass: 2,358 kg. Perigee: 35,775 km. Apogee: 35,798 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

34 Ku-band transponders for TV. Stationed at 37.48 deg W. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR trajectory option.


06 December 1995 Telecom 2C Program: Telecom. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Mass: 2,283 kg. Perigee: 35,777 km. Apogee: 35,793 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Stationed at 1.1 deg E.


08 August 1996 Telecom 2D Program: Telecom. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Perigee: 35,771 km. Apogee: 35,803 km. Inclination: 0.2 deg.
21 November 1996 Hot Bird 2 Program: Eutelsat. Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. Perigee: 35,768 km. Apogee: 35,803 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geostationary at 13.0E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option.


02 September 1997 Hot Bird 3 Program: Eutelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Perigee: 35,762 km. Apogee: 35,806 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.

Geosynchronous. Stationed over 13.3E


27 February 1998 Hot Bird 4 Program: Eutelsat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P . Perigee: 35,773 km. Apogee: 35,797 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geostationary at 13.0 degrees E.


28 April 1998 Nilesat 1 Program: Nilesat. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Perigee: 35,773 km. Apogee: 35,800 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Egypt's first satellite. Geostationary at 7.0 degrees W.


25 August 1998 ST-1 Program: ST. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Perigee: 297 km. Apogee: 35,768 km. Inclination: 3.9 deg.

Singapore-Taiwan-1 Matra Marconi Space Eurostar 2000 class satellite to provide communications for Singapore Telecom and Chunghwa Telecom of Taiwan. Geostationary at 88.0 degrees E.


09 October 1998 Hot Bird 5 Program: Eutelsat . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral . Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. Mass: 3,000 kg. Perigee: 35,766 km. Apogee: 35,805 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geostationary at 10.0 degrees E.


28 October 1998 Afristar Program: WorldSpace. Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. Perigee: 35,766 km. Apogee: 35,804 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Afristar was the first WorldSpace satellite. Afristar was to broadcast digital radio over Africa and the Middle East. Small hand-held radios could pick up the 24 to 96 radio channels available on the three L-band beams. Dry mass of Afristar was 1205 kg; it carried 1534 kg of propellant at launch. Geostationary at 21.0 degrees E.


21 March 2000 Asiastar Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5. Perigee: 35,772 km. Apogee: 35,802 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Worldspace's second digital radio satellite. Joinef Afristar in orbit with a mission of providing radio broadcasting to the developing world. Stationed at 105 deg E.


17 August 2000 Nilesat 102 Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. Perigee: 35,765 km. Apogee: 35,807 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Geosynchronous communications satellite of the Egyptian company Nilesat SA. The satellite joined Nilesat 101 in providing Ku-band broadcast services. Stationed at 7 deg W.


06 September 2000 Eutelsat W1 Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. Perigee: 35,776 km. Apogee: 35,797 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

European Telecommunications Satellite Organization's Eutelsat W1 was launched into a geostationary transfer orbit, targetted for a final 10 deg E orbital position. The box-shaped 2.5 x 5.0 m satellite has two rectangular solar panel arrays spanning 31.7m and two dishes, a European beam and a steerable beam. The payload includes 28 Ku-band transponders. Stationed at 10 deg E.


14 September 2000 Astra 2B Launch Site: Kourou . Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5. Perigee: 35,768 km. Apogee: 35,804 km. Inclination: 0.0 deg.

Astra 2B was an Astrium/Toulouse Eurostar 2000+ television broadcast satellite owned by the Luxembourg-based Societe Europeene de Satellites. The satellite was to be stationed at 28.2E to replace the German DFS Kopernikus. It carried 28 Ku-band transponders. By September 19 Astra 2B was in a 31,153 x 35,762 km x 0.3 deg orbit, approaching geosynchronous altitude. Stationed at 28 deg E.



Bibliography:



Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .